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Miss Frances E. Willard 

Erected in Statuary Hall of the 
Capitol Building at Washington 



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Proceedings in the Senate and House 
of Representatives on the Occasion of 
the Reception and Acceptance of the 
Statue from the State of Illinois : : : 



Compiled under the direction of the 
Joint Committee on Printing 



Washington 
Government Printing Office 

1905 



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THE NEW YORK 

PUBLK 

741602 A 

ASTOR, LENOX AND 

TILDEN FOUNDATIONS 

r 1934 L 



CONCURRENT RESOLUTION. 

Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives con- 
curring), That there be printed and bound of the proceedings 
in Congress upon the acceptance of the statue of the late 
Frances E. Willard, presented by the State of Illinois, 
sixteen thousand five hundred copies, of which five thousand 
shall be for the use of the Senate, ten thousand for the use of 
the House of Representatives, and the remaining one thousand 
five hundred shall be for the use and distribution by the 
governor of the State of Illinois; and the Secretary of the 
Treasury is hereby directed to have printed an engraving of 
said statue to accompany said proceedings, said engraving 
to be paid for out of the appropriation for the Bureau of 
Engraving and Printing. 

Passed the Senate February 23, 1905. 

Passed the House of Representatives March 3, 1905. 



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Table of Contents 

Page. 

Resolution providing for printing i 

Proceedings in the Senate 5 

Prayer by Rev. Edward R. Hale 7 

Address of Mr. Cullom of Illinois i i 

Address of Mr. Beveridge of Indiana 19 

Address of Mr. Hopkins, of Illinois 24 

Address of Mr. Dolliver, of Iowa 32 

Proceedings in the House 4 ' 

Prayer by Rev. Henry X. Couden 43 

Address of Mr. Foss, of Illinois 46 

Address of Mr. Graff, of Illinois 60 

Address of Mr. Littlefield, of Maine 6S 

Address of Mr. Rainey, of Illinois 83 

Address of Mr. Brooks, of Colorado 87 

3 



Acceptance 

of the 

Statue of Miss Frances E. Willard 

Proceedings in the Senate 

January 12, 1905. 
The Presiding Officer (Mr. Perkins] laid before the 
Senate a communication from the governor of the State of 
Illinois, requesting that a date be fixed for the acceptance by 
Congress of the statue of Frances K. Willard; which was 
referred to the Committee on the Library, and ordered to be 
printed. 

January 13, 1905. 

statue of frances e. willard. 

Mr. Wetmore. I am directed by the Committee on the 
Library, to whom was referred yesterday the letter of the gov- 
ernor of Illinois in regard to the acceptance by Congress, on 
a date to be fixed, of the statue of Frances E. Willard, 
to report it back, and I ask that it may lie on the table. 

The Presiding Officer- The Committee 011 the Library 
will be discharged from the further consideration of the com- 
munication of the governor of Illinois. 

Mr. Cullom. I ask that the letter be laid on the table for 
the time being, I shall call it up at some future day. 

5 



6 Acceptance of Statue of 

* 

The Presiding Officer. The request of the senior Senator 
from Illinois will be agreed to, and the communication will lie 
on the table subject to his call. 

January 17, 1905. 
statue of frances e. wielard. 
Mr. Cueeom. I offer a resolution and ask for its immediate 
consideration. Before the resolution is read, I ask that a 
letter addressed to the President of the Senate by the governor 
of my State may be read. 

The President pro tempore. If there is no objection, the 
letter will be read. The Chair hears none. 
The Secretary read as follows: 

State of Illinois, Executive Department, 

Springfield, January 10, igo^. 
Dear Sir: Governor Deneen is in receipt of a letter from the chair- 
man of the Illinois board of commissioners for the Frances E. Wil- 
LARD statue, informing him that the sculptor, Helen Farnsworth Mears, 
reports that the model will reach Washington, D. C, on February n. 
The commissioners express the desire that ( iovernor Deneen advise the 
Senate of the United States and House of Representatives of the com- 
pletion of the statue, in order that a date may be immediately fixed 
for its acceptance by Congress. I am directed by Governor Deneen to 
communicate this fact to you for your information and such action as 
Congress may see fit to take. 
Yours, truly, 

J. Whittaker, 

Secretary. 
Hon. William P. Frve, 

President United States Senate, Washington, D. C. 

The President pro tempore. The resolution submitted by 
the Senator from Illinois will be read. 

The resolution was read, considered by unanimous consent, 
and agreed to, as follows: 

Resolved, That the exercises appropriate to the reception and accept- 
ance from the State of Illinois of the statue of Frances E. Willard, 
erected in Statuary Hall, in the Capitol, be made the special order for 
Friday, February 17, at 3 o'clock. 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 






iUpmnrtal fExprrisrs 



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Friday, February ij, 1905. 

The Chaplain, Rev. Edward E. Hale, said: 

The Congress has devoted a part of to-day to memorial 
exercises in honor of Miss Frances E. Willard, the distin- 
guished philanthropist, to whom the nation is so largely 
indebted. L,et me read for our Scripture lesson such verses 
from King Lemuel's description as are appropriate to this 
distinguished woman: 

A virtuous woman who can find? for her price is far above rubies. Sbe 
doeth good and not evil all the days of her life. She girdeth ber loins 
with strength and maketh strong her arms. She spreadeth out her hand 
to the poor. Strength and dignity are her clothing. She openeth her 
mouth with wisdom and the law of kindness is on her tongue. A woman 
that feareth the Lord, she shall be praised. Give her of the fruit of her 
hand and let her works praise her in the gates. 

L,et us pray. 

Father Almighty, we remember what Thou hast given this 
nation in sending such an apostle of Thy word; of Thine own 
righteousness. She taught this people that the wisdom from 
above is first pure, and she showed them how to add to their 
purity, peace, and gentleness by those efforts by which men 
shall work with God for the coming of His kingdom. 



8 Acceptance of Statue of 

Father, we remember her. We preserve the memorials of 
such 'a life. But it is not for the past; it is for the future 
that we pray, that the people of this laud may know what 
it is to be pure in body, pure in heart, pure in soul; that 
they may offer to Thee the living sacrifice; that men and 
women may know that they are the living temples of the 
living God. 

Be with us in the services of to-day. Be with this nation — 
North, South, East, West — in the schoolroom, in the church, 
and in daily duty, as men and women seek to draw nearer 
to God, and yet nearer — yes, Father, even though it were a 
cross that raiseth us — that we may come nearer to Thee. 
We ask it in His name. 

Our Father who art in Heaven, Hallowed be Thy name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth as it is done 
in Heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive 
us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us. 
And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: 
For Thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, 
forever. Amen. 

STATUE OF FRANCES E. WILLARD. 

Mr. Cueeom. Mr. President, the exercises for to-day are 

indicated in the following resolution: 

Resolved, That the exercises appropriate to the reception and accept- 
ance from the State of Illinois of the statue of Frances E. Willard, 
erected in Statuary Hall, in the Capitol, be made the special order for 
Friday, February 17, at 3 o'clock. 

When the letter came from the State of Illinois, signed by 
the secretary of the governor of that State, it did not fully 
comply with the existing rule. The governor of the State 
was suddenly called away by the severe and sudden illness of 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 9 

his daughter, and in his absence the secretary sent the letter 
to the Senate. The governor of the State therefore desires 
that the following telegram may be read, so that it may go 
upon the record and be a part of the proceedings. 

The President pro tempore. The Secretary will read as 
requested. 

The Secretary read as follows: 

[Telegram.] 

Springfield, III., February 16, 1905. 
Hon. Shelby M. Cullom, 

United States Senator, Washington, D. C.- 
Will you kindly submit the following to the Senate and House of 

Representatives? 

Chas. S. Deneen. 

State of Illinois, Executive Department, 

Springfield, February 16, 1905. 
To the Senate and House of Representatives 

of the I 'uited States, Washington, D. C. 
GENTLEMEN : By authority of the act of the general assembly of Illinois, 
the governor of Illinois heretofore appointed Anna A. Gordon, Mary E. 
Metzgar, John J. Mitchell, W. R. Jewell, and Mrs. S. M. D. Fry to con- 
stitute a commission to procure a statue of Frances E. Willard for 
erection in Statuary Hall, in the Capitol at Washington, D. C. I am 
informed by the commissioners that the statue was made by Helen F. 
Mears, of New York City; that it is completed and has been placed in 
position, and is now ready to be presented to Congress. I have been 
further informed by Miss Anna A. Gordon, chairman of the commission- 
ers, that a resolution is to be presented accepting said statue. As gov- 
ernor of the vState of Illinois, therefore, I have the honor to present to 
the Government of the United States the statue hereinbefore referred to. 

Very respectfully, 

Chas. S. Deneen, 

Governor of Illinois. 

Mr. Cullom. I submit the resolutions I send to the desk. 
The President pro tempore. The Senator from Illinois 
presents resolutions, which will be read by the Secretary. 



io Acceptance of Statue of 

The Secretary read the resolutions, and the Senate proceeded 
to their consideration, as follows: 

Resolved by the Senate {the House of Representatives concurring), That 
the statue of Frances E. Willard, presented by the State of Illinois, to 
be placed in Statuary Hall, be accepted by the United States, and that the 
thanks of Congress be tendered the State for the statue of one of the most 
eminent women of the United States. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions, duly authenticated, be trans- 
mitted to the governor of the State of Illinois. 



Miss Frances E. Willard. n 



Address of Mr. Cullom, of Illinois 

Mr. President: The State of Illinois presents to the United 
States the statue of a great woman, whose name is familiar 
wherever the English language is spoken. 

The vSenate has frequently suspended its ordinary business 
to pay tribute to the memory of eminent statesmen who have 
passed away. During the present session we have heard elo- 
quent eulogies on the lives of two distinguished men — George 
Frisbie Hoar, of Massachusetts, and John J. Ingalls, of Kansas. 
For the first time in the history of the Senate a day has been 
set apart that we may talk of a woman. 

More than forty years ago, after the new Hall of the House 
of Representatives was constructed, it became a problem to 
know to what use the old hall, in which the greatest men in 
the early days of the Republic had occupied seats, should be 
dedicated. 

Senator Morrill first made the suggestion, which was after- 
wards enacted into a law, that the old Hall be set apart as a 
national statuary hall, and that each State be invited to pro- 
vide two statues of its illustrious citizens to be placed therein. 

Twenty States have responded, each State naturally select- 
ing two of its most illustrious citizens. There are statues of 
Robert Winthrop and Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts; Ro^l-i 
Williams, of Rhode Island; George Clinton and Robert Fulton, 
of New York; Ethan Allen, of Vermont; Roger Sherman, of 
Connecticut; Oliver P. Morton, of Indiana; James A. Garfield, 
of Ohio; and many other distinguished men, whom their re- 
spective States deemed worthy of so high an honor. 



12 Acceptance of Statue of 

Illinois has been the home of man}- eminent men. Cook and 
Pope, in the early history of the State; Lincoln, than whom no 
nobler man ever lived; Grant, one of the most renowned 
generals of the age; Douglas, a noted statesman, whose career 
in the Senate was marked by wonderful power; Trumbull, who 
for many years occupied a seat in this Chamber, and as chair- 
man of the Committee on the Judiciary, was recognized as a 
profound lawyer and statesman; Davis, who was an honored 
member of the Supreme Court of the United States, and was 
subsequently President pro tempore of this body; L,ogan, an 
aide Member of the House of Representatives, the greatest 
volunteer soldier of the civil war, and for years a leading 
Senator in this Chamber; and many other great names whose 
deeds have illumined the pages of our nation's history; yet, 
with so large a number of splendid men from whom to make a 
selection, the State of Illinois selected a woman thus so signally 
to honor. 

Mr. President, Miss Willard was a worthy representative 
of her sex, known to the world for her devotion to the cause of 
temperance and for her efforts in the interest of the human race. 

She had a wonderful career. Beginning in poverty, 
struggling with adverse conditions, with courage and faith in 
the right she overcame all obstacles in her pathway, and 
became one of the foremost women of her time. 

The story of her life is inspiring to her sex and uplifting to 
humanity. She was born in Churchville, N. Y., September 28, 
1839, being a descendant of the well-known Willard family 
of Massachusetts, the first of whom settled in the New World 
in 1634, and was one of the founders of Concord, later the 
home of many famous men of letters. 

The Willards were noted men and women of New England 
before and during the Revolution. Her parents were brave, 
honest, intellectual, strong-minded, patriotic Christian people. 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 13 

They were among that band of pioneers who left New Eng- 
land about 1840 to seek their fortunes in the West. In 1846 
the Willard family located near Janesville, Wis., on the banks 
of the beautiful Rock River. Here, on her father's farm, the 
early life of Miss Willard was spent. 

Even as a child she is said to have been eager to grapple with 
principles and philosophies, and from childhood she seemed to 
feel that she was destined to perform an important work in the 
world. 

L,ong years afterwards she speaks thus of her early life, spent 
at Forest Home, on the banks of Rock River : 

It was a beautiful childhood. I do not know how it could have been 
more beautiful, or how there could have been a truer beginning of many 
things. To me it has often seemed as if those earlier years were seed to 
all my after good. 

Long years have left their writing on my brow, but yet the freshness 
and the dew-fed beam of those young mornings are about me now. 
Wherever I may dwell no place can be so dear, so completely embalmed 
in my heart, so truly the best beloved to me, as Forest Home. 

Miss Willard attended the Northwestern Female College, 
at Evanston, 111., a woman's college of high grade in the West, 
from which she was graduated with honor. After teaching at 
several institutions of learning she completed her education by 
two years of travel and study abroad. 

In 1 87 1 she became president of the Evanston College for 
Eadies, the first female college entirely under the control and 
direction of women, of which a woman was president and 
women constituted the board of trustees. This college was 
later made the woman's department of the Northwestern Uni- 
versity, one of the leading institutions of learning of the West, 
and Miss Willard became dean and professor of aesthetics. 

In 1874 she resigned her connection with the Northwestern 
University. Some years afterwards, when the famous evange- 
list, Moody, invited her to become associated with him as a 



14 Acceptance of Statue of 

coadjutor in his work, and inquired why she left the North- 
western University, she gave this characteristic answer: 

Doctor Fowler, the president of the institution, has the will of Napoleon. 
I have the will of Queen Elizabeth. When an immovable meets an inde- 
structible object something has to give way. 

Mr. Moody made no further inquiry. 

On her resignation from the Northwestern University Miss 
Willard had many flattering offers to continue in the educa- 
tional world, where she would in a few years have become the 
foremost woman educator in the United States, but she declined 
them all. 

In 1873 a great woman's Christian crusade on temperance 
was commenced, originating in Ohio. Miss Willard was early 
attracted toward the temperance movement. She saw in it 
an opportunity to perform a great service in the interest of 
the human race. With alacrity she accepted the invitation to 
become president of the Illinois Woman's Christian Temper- 
ance Union, and, abandoning a brilliant educational career, in 
1874 she entered on what was to be her last work. From that 
time until her death, for more than a quarter of a century, she 
devoted her splendid energies to the temperance cause and 
other reforms. 

The Illinois Woman's Christian Temperance Union, when 
Miss Willard was elected as its president, was a small 
baud of women, the outgrowth of the women's crusade. She 
received no salary, but gave her' whole time to the work, 
addressing large noonday meetings daily in the worst districts 
of Chicago, practically living on the charity of her friends. 

In 1879 she was elected president of the National Woman's 
Christian Temperance Union, and in that position her splendid 
executive ability and faculty for organization had full sway. 
She traveled over this country constantly, talking in behalf of 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 15 

her white ribbon cause in every town and city in the United 
States having a population of 10,000 or more. In 1883 she 
projected the World's Woman's Christian Temperance Union, 
of which she later became president. Under her leadership 
the temperance crusade spread as if by magic throughout the 
United States. 

Not content with what she had accomplished here at home, 
on several occasions she visited England and assisted the tem- 
perance movement, where she addressed immense audiences in 
different parts of that country. 

Miss Willard was not only an advocate of temperance, but 
of all other beneficial, progressive reforms — purity in politics, 
equal rights for women, and, as a means to secure political 
reform, woman suffrage. She believed "that there is such a 
power in the influence of women as, if it were exerted right, 
would shake the kingdom to the center." 

She was recognized as an able public speaker, perhaps the 
greatest woman speaker in the country. She had a rare gift 
of eloquence and magnetism which drew thousands into the 
temperance ranks. During her years of active life she prob- 
ably addressed a larger number of public audiences than any 
man or woman of her time. 

What did the Woman's Christian Temperance Union accom- 
plish under the leadership of Frances E. Willard? She 
lived to see it grow from a small, struggling organization with 
which she was connected in 1879 to a world-wide movement, 
the most splendid organization of women that ever existed, 
numbering in the United States more than 300,000, with a 
following of half a million. In 10,000 towns and cities local 
unions were established. The Loyal Temperance Legion was 
formed, composed of children, with a membership of over 
250,000. Temperance instruction was provided in the schools 



1 6 Acceptance of Statue of 

and Sunday schools to more than 16,000,000 children. Tens 
of thousands of men were induced to sign the total-abstinence 
pledge. It circulated millions of pages of temperance litera- 
ture, and it has gone far to secure equality of treatment of 
women. It appealed for happy homes — the source of good 
society and good government — home protection; it appealed 
to the mothers to save the boys for their country, and it 
marshaled every moral force to the support of its principles. 

Miss Willard, notwithstanding her bus3 T life and her varied 
duties as leader of this world-wide organization, found time 
to write man)' books. She was a woman of rare literary 
attainments, and some of her books have been circulated 
throughout the world and have been translated into several 
languages. 

She was ambitious, but hers was a noble ambition. She 

says in her autobiography: 

I have been called ambitious, and so I am, if to have had from child- 
hood the sense of being born to a fate is an element of ambition. For I 
never knew what it was to aspire and not to believe myself capable of 
heroism. I always wanted to react upon the world about me to my 
utmost ounce of power, to be widely known, loved, and believed in — the 
more widely the better. Every life has its master passion; this has been 
mine. Very few things waken my contempt, but this couplet in the hymn 
book did: 

Make me little and unknown, 

Loved and prized by God alone. 

Its supreme absurdity angered rather than amused me, for who could be 
"loved and prized" by the Great Spirit and yet despised by the lesser 
spirits made in his image? Who could deliberately desire to be "little 
and unknown," of small value and narrow circle in a world so hungry for 
help and strength and uplift, yet beloved and prized by God? No. I 
wanted to be now and in all worlds my very utmost. I fully purposed to 
be one whom the multitudes would love, lean on, and bless. Lying on 
the prairie grass, and lifting my hands toward the sky, I used to say in 
my inmost spirit, "What is it that I am to be, O God?" I did not wish 
to climb by others' overthrow, and I laid no schemes to undermine them, 
but I meant that the evolution of my own powers should do for me all that 
it would. I felt that a woman owed it to all other women to live as bravely, 
as helpfully, and as grandly as she could, and to let the world know it. 



Miss Frances E. Willard. i 7 

If ever the ambition of any man or woman was gratified, this 
ambition of Miss Willard was, and to the fullest extent. She 
did live bravely, helpfully, and grandly, and at the time of her 
death she was one of the most beloved women of America. 

Mr. President, I esteem it an honor to have known person- 
ally Frances E. Willard during the greater part of her 
active life. I knew from personal knowledge of the work in 
which she was engaged, and I witnessed with pleasure the won- 
derful success which attended her efforts. She was a reformer, 
but she never shared the usual unpopularity of reformers, and 
her advocacy of reform in temperance never made her offensive 
to any class of people. Notwithstanding her public life, she 
was nevertheless a real woman, with that degree of sincerity 
and modesty that commanded the utmost respect from all with 
whom she came in contact. 

Mr. President, I am proud that the State of Illinois was the 
home of Frances E. Willard. 

Seven years ago to-morrow, the 18th of February, 1898, the 
sad news announced that she was no more. It seemed that 
the world stopped to mourn. No man or woman of her time 
received such splendid eulogy, not only from those engaged in 
her cause, not only from those who believed in her creed, but 
from the best representatives of all classes and all religions. 

In the public press we saw such comments as these: 

Her services to mankind were inestimable. 

Her life was a power, not only for temperance and purity and righl 
living of every kind, but for love and fellowship and brotherhood the 
world over. 

The world will sorrow that such a great power for good has been taken 
away. 

No history of hero worship would be complete without her wondrous 
story. 

To-day the hushed voices and moistened eyes of thousands upon thou- 
sands of men and women throughout the world testify to the universal 
impression Miss Wiixard left upon her time. 
1 7046 — 05 2 



1 8 Acceptance of Statue of 

Her friend, Lady Henry Somerset, the temperance leader of 

Great Britain, said: 

I believe that long after the temperance reform has become a matter 
of past history, long after the woman question has brought about the 
equality of men and women — political, social, and financial — the name of 
Frances E. Willard will be remembered not only as one who led a 
great movement, but as one who gave her life, her talent, her enthusiasm, 
to make the world wider for women and better for humanity. Such a 
record will be associated with no particular form of philanthropy, but 
will stand among the landmarks of the ages that point the progress of 
the world along all the upward way. 

Illinois especially mourned the death of Miss Willard. It 
was in Illinois, in the vicinity of Chicago, that she commenced 
her great work and had lived for more than forty years, and it 
was to Illinois that her remains were brought, and it was there 
that the most touching tributes of respect were paid to her. 
Her body lay in state at Willard Hall, in the Women's Temple, 
in Chicago, where it was viewed by more than 20,000 people, 
composed of all classes, the rich and the poor, equally anxious 
to look for the last time on the face of the woman whose teach- 
ings had done so much for the world. The last services were 
held at Evanston, where great throngs of people assembled, 
and she was finally laid to rest at Rose Hill Cemetery, February 
24, 1898. 

The world has been better because Frances E. Willard 
lived. She devoted her life unselfishly to the cause of human- 
ity, and she brought sobriety into the homes of untold thou- 
sands; and at her death she left an organization that has been 
and will continue to be a potent factor for good in the world. 

Mr. President, the State of Illinois, in presenting the statue 
to the United States, to be placed in Statuary Hall among the 
figures of the greatest men that have lived in the United States, 
has honored itself, has justly honored a great woman, and has 
paid a tribute to all American womanhood. 

[Manifestations of applause in the galleries.] 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 19 



Address of Mr. Beveridge, of Indiana 



Mr. President: From the beginning woman has personi- 
fied the world's ideals. When history began its record it 
found her already the chosen bride of Art. All things that 
minister to mankind's good have, from the very first, by 
the general judgment, been made feminine — the ships that 
bear us through storm to port; the seasons that bring va- 
riety, surcease of toil, and life's renewal; the earth itself, 
which, through all time and in all speech, has been the 
universal mother. The Graces were women, and the Muses, 
too. Always her influence has glorified the world, until her 
beatitude becomes divine in Mary, mother of God. 

Mark how the noblest conceptions of the human mind 
have always been presented in form of woman. Take Lib- 
erty; take Justice; take all the holy aspirations, all the sacred 
realities! Each glorious ideal has, to the common thought, 
been feminine. The sculptors of the olden time made every 
immortal idea a daughter of the gods. Even Wisdom was a 
woman in the early concept of the race, and that unknown 
genius of the youthful world wrought Triumph itself into 
woman's form in that masterpiece of all ages — The Winged 
Victory. Over the lives and destinies of men the ancients 
placed Clotho, Eachesis, and Atropos forever spinning, 
twisting, severing the strands of human fate. 

In the literature of all time woman has been Mercy's mes- 
senger, handmaid of tenderness, creator and preserver of 
human happiness. Name Shakespeare — Miranda, and Imo- 



20 Acceptance of Statue of 

gene, Rosalind, Perdita, and Cordelia appear; name Burns — 
the prayer "To Mary in Heaven" gives to the general 
heart that touch of nature which makes the whole world 
kin; name the Book of Books — Rachel and the women of 
the Bible in beauty walk before us, and in the words of 
Ruth we hear the ultimate formula of woman's eternal fidelity 
and faith. 

And so we see that through all time woman has typified 
the true, the beautiful, and the good on earth. And now 
Illinois, near the very heart of the world's great Republic 
and at the dawn of the twentieth century, chooses woman 
herself as the ideal of that Commonwealth and of this period; 
for the character of Frances E. Wiixard is womanhood's 
apotheosis. 

And she was American. She was the child of our 
American prairies, daughter of an American home. And so 
she had strength and gentleness, simplicity and vision. Not 
from the complex lives that wealth and luxury force upon 
their unfortunate children; not from the sharpening and 
hardening process of the city's social and business grind; 
not from any of civilization's artificialities, come those whom 
God appoints to lead mankind toward the light. 

Moses dwelt alone on the summit of mystery and human 
solitude. The Master abode in the wilderness, and there the 
power descended on Him with which He put aside the 
tempter. In the forests the father of our country learned 
liberty's lessons from Nature, liberty's mother; and from the 
valleys and the heights the fields and pouring streams got 
understanding of the possibilities of this land, a knowledge 
of its uses, a perception of its people's destiny. We can not 
imagine Abraham Lincoln coming to us from a palace. No! 
We can understand him onlv as he really was — man of the 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 2r 

people and the soil, thinking with the people's mind the 
grand and simple truths, feeling with the people's heart an 
infinite compassion for and fellowship with all the race. 

And so, Mr. President, all the saints and heroes of this 
world have come, fresh and strong from the source of things, 
by abuses unspoiled and unweakened by false refinements. 
And so came Frances E. Willard, the American woman. 
The wide, free fields were the playgrounds of her childhood. 
The great primeval woods impressed her unfolding soul with 
their vast and vital calmness. Association with her neighbors 
was scant and difficult; and home meant to her all that the 
poets have sung of it, and more. It was a refuge and a 
shrine, a dwelling and a place of joy, a spot where peace and 
love and safety and all unselfishness reigned with a sovereignty 
unchallenged. And so this child of our forests and our plains, 
this daughter of that finest of civilization's advance guard — 
the American pioneers — early received into her very soul that 
conception of the home to which, as the apostle of universal 
womanhood, her whole life was dedicated. 

To make the homes of the millions pure, to render sweet and 
strong those human relations which constitute the family — this 
was her mission and her work. And there can not be a wiser 
method of mankind's upliftment than this, no better way to 
make a nation noble and enduring; for the hearthstone is 
the foundation whereon the state is built. The family is 
the social and natural unit. Spencer wrote learnedly of "the 
individual aids the state;'' but he wrote words merely. The 
individual is not the important factor in nature or the nation. 
Nature destroys the individual. Nature cares only for the 
pair; knows in some form nothing but the family. And so 
by the deep reasoning of nature itself Francks Willard's 
work was justified. 



22 Acceptance of Statue of 

But hers was no philosopher's creed. She got her inspira- 
tion from a higher source than human thinking. In her life's 
work we see restored to earth that faith which, whenever man 
has let it work its miracle, has wrought victory here and im- 
mortality hereafter. Such was the faith of Joan, the inspired 
maid of France; such that of Columbus, sailing westward 
through the dark; such the exalted belief of those good mis- 
sionaries who first invaded our American wildernesses to light 
with their own lives on civilization's altar the sacred fire that 
never dies. The story of Frances E- Wizard's faith in 
the conquest of evil by the good seems incredible to us who 
demand a map of all our future before we take a step. 

For Frances E. Willard knew no questioning. The 
Master's message was at once her guaranty and her command. 
The Bible was to her, in very truth, divine. What immeas- 
urable and increasing influence that one book has wielded over 
the minds of men and the destiny of the world ! If it be the 
word of God, as we profoundly believe, surely it comes to 
human ears with all the dignity and peace and power that His 
word should command. If it be the word of man, then even 
the doubter must admit that the ancient Hebrew's had miracu- 
lous skill to cast a spell across millenniums which, strengthening 
with the years, spreads wider to-day than ever and embraces 
the future as far as even the eye of imagination can behold. 
Not all invention or all statesmanship or all of literature have 
so touched and bettered human life as this one book. And it 
was the Bible that gave Frances E. Willard her mission, 
her strength, her hope, her argument, and her inspiration. 

Thus prepared and thus equipped she went out into the 
world and to her work. Xo method can measure what she did. 
The half million of women whom she brought into organized 
cooperation in the Woman's Christian Temperance Union is 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 23 

but a suggestion of the real results of her activities. Indeed, 
the highest benefits her life bestowed were as intangible as air 
and as full of life. She made purer the moral atmosphere of a 
continent — almost of a world. She rendered the life of a nation 
cleaner, the mind of a people saner. Millions of homes to-day 
are happier for her; millions of wives and mothers bless her; 
and countless children have grown into strong, upright, and 
beautiful maturity who, but for the work of Frances E. 
Willard, might have been forever soiled and weakened. 

The mother of all mothers, the sister of all wives, to every 
child a lover, Frances E. Willard sacrificed her own life to 
the happiness of her sisters. For after all, she knew that with 
all her gifts and all the halo of her God-sent mission, never- 
theless the humblest mother was yet greater far than she. But 
it was needful that she should so consecrate her strength and 
length of years. For how shall the service of utter unselfish- 
ness be achieved save in the utter sacrifice of self? So Frances 
E. Willard gave up her life and all the rights and glories of it 
that all of her sisters might lead fuller, richer, happier, sweeter 
lives themselves. 

So, Mr. President, by placing her statue in the hall of our 
national immortals, a great Commonwealth to-day forever 
commemorates the services of this American woman to all 
humanity. And the Representatives of the American people — 
the greatest people in this world — in Congress formally assem- 
bled to-day are paying tribute to the little frontier American 
maid who heard and heeded the voices that came to hei 
from the unseen world, and, obeying their counsels, became 
the first woman of the nineteenth century, the most beloved 
character of her time, and, under God, a benefactress of her 
race. [Applause in the galleries.] 



24 Acceptance of Statue of 



Address of Mr. Hopkins, of Illinois 

Mr. President: When the late Senator Morrill, of Ver- 
mont, proposed to dedicate the old Hall of the House of 
Representatives as a national Statuary Hall for the purpose 
of authorizing each of the States of the Union to place therein 
statues of deceased persons who had been citizens of such 
State and illustrious for their historic renown or for distin- 
guished civic or military service, he little dreamed that the 
great State of Illinois in complying with that statute would 
select for one of her citizens a woman in the person of 
Frances E. Willard. 

vShe was then a young woman. Her great future had hardly 
opened before her. She little dreamed at that period of her 
life that she would attain that civic distinction or historic 
renown that would warrant Illinois in selecting her as one of 
her representatives in Statuary Hall, or that Illinois would 
honor herself by passing over so many of her distinguished 
sons and select her as one of her representatives. 

The years that have come arid gone since the late Senator 
Morrill caused that law to be placed upon the statute books 
of our country saw Miss Willard advance step by step from 
the most humble beginnings until her fame became not only 
national but world-wide. Her services to her sex and 
humanity extended to every part of the civilized world, and 
when death claimed her, and her noble spirit passed into 
immortality, an enlightened and patriotic legislature of the 
State of Illinois selected her as worthy of a place in Statuary 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 25 

Hall, dedicated by the several States to the most eminent and 
distinguished of all their sons. 

The affection and regard in which the memory of Miss 
Willard is held by the people of Illinois, and the honor so 
worthily bestowed upon her in the proceedings of this day, 
will be better appreciated by the general public when we call 
to mind the names and number of distinguished men whom 
the legislators of Illinois might have chosen for this especial 
honor. 

No State has been more fortunate than Illinois in this re- 
gard. Lincoln, Douglas, Bissell, Baker, Browning, Trumbull, 
Yates, Oglesby, Davis, Stephen T. Logan, Grant, John A. 
Logan, John M. Palmer, Gen. John A. McClernand, to say 
nothing of such men as Governor Coles, John A. Cook, Ninian 
Edwards, and Sidney Breese, present a list of brilliant and dis- 
tinguished men whose abilities and achievements not only 
enrich the pages of the history of Illinois, but of the nation as 
well. 

Lincoln, who was born in a log hut on the outskirts of civili- 
zation in the State of Kentucky, came to Illinois in his boy- 
hood, and on the broad and fertile prairies of that State devel- 
oped those qualities of head and heart that made him the fore- 
most man of his generation and placed his name among the 
immortals. 

Douglas, although born in New England, when a mere boy 
sought his fortunes in the West, and before he had fairly 
attained his majority was a citizen of Illinois. His great 
fame as an orator and a statesman was attained as a citizen 
of that State, and his greatest triumphs, as well as his most 
crushing defeats, were achieved and received in his political 
contests with Lincoln in Illinois. As long as our Republic 
shall endure, so long will the memorable debates between 



26 Acceptance of Statue of 

these two distinguished sons of Illinois remain fresh in the 
memory of all students of American political history. From 
1850 to the breaking out of the civil war no name was more 
conspicuous in the United States than that of Douglas. His 
contests in the Senate of the United States with such men as 
Chase and Hale, Seward and Sumner, Toombs and Breck- 
inridge, had made him the most accomplished debater of his 
time and the recognized leader of the Democrats of the North. 

Ulysses S. Grant, from the comparatively humble position 
of colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Volunteer 
Infantry, by his military genius and devotion to duty, rose 
from one military position to another until he became the 
general of all of the armies of the Federal forces during 
the late civil war and crowned his military achievements in 
the surrender of General Lee at Appomattox. His name as 
a military hero will forever rank with those of Alexander, 
Caesar, and Napoleon. All of the other men whom I have 
mentioned were especially distinguished in their several ways, 
and all are well worthy of the recognition and honor which 
has been bestowed upon Miss Villard. 

The question naturally arises then, How does this woman 
come to be selected for this especial recognition and honor? 
The story long antedates her birth and goes back to a period 
when Illinois was knocking at the doors of Congress for admis- 
sion into the Union of States. 

A distinguished historian has said that Daniel Webster was 
saved to his country more than one hundred years before his 
birth in the person of one of his direct ancestors — a little child, 
who at 4 years of age was saved from Indian massacre by 
having a washtub turned bottom side up over her, thus 
hiding her from a band of Indians who murdered all the other 
members of her family. So conditions for the development 



Miss F> -a )i a -s E, J I 'Hit ird. 27 

of the ability and character of Miss Willard were provided 
for in the legislation that relates to the admission of Illinois 
as a State into the Union long before her birth. 

The northern limits of the Territory of Illinois were south 
of the south bend, of Lake Michigan. Her population was 
principally from the States of Kentucky and Tennessee, 
North Carolina and Virginia. Her highways of commerce 
were the Illinois River, the Ohio, and the Mississippi. Her 
great commercial emporium was New Orleans, and the people 
of the slave-holding States her neighbors and friends. When 
she asked for admission into the Union, Judge Pope, her 
Congressional Delegate, proposed an amendment by which the 
northern limits of the proposed new State were extended 
northward 51 miles to the center of Lake Michigan, thence 
westward to the Mississippi River. The amendment included 
what are now the fourteen rich and populous northern coun- 
ties of Illinois, including the great county of Cook, in which 
is located the imperial city of Chicago. Judge Pope, in advo- 
cating his amendment, pointed out that Illinois, if admitted 
as a State in the Union with the geographical limitations of 
the Territory, would have no business and commercial com- 
munication with the East and New England, and that her 
interests and her sympathies would naturally be with the 
South, and that in case of a contest between freedom and 
slavery, which he even then saw was inevitable, the fortunes 
of Illinois would naturally, by reason of friendship and inter- 
est, be with the Southern Confederacy. 

The adoption of his amendment and the additional terri- 
tory included would give the new State jurisdiction over the 
southwestern shores of Lake Michigan, and thereby unite it 
through the great waterway of the Lakes to Indiana, Ohio, 
Pennsylvania, New York, and New England ; and that, ad- 



2(S Acceptance of Statue of 

mitted into the Union with this additional territory, she 
might become the very keystone to perpetuate the Union. 
Had Illinois been admitted as a State into the Union under 
her territorial limitations we would never have had the Illi- 
nois and Michigan Canal, and the Illinois Central Railroad, 
as it was constructed and has been operated, would never 
have become an accomplished fact. Without these Chicago 
would never have been the marvelous city that she is to-day, 
and without the fourteen northern counties, settled as they 
have been by people largely from New York and New Eng- 
land, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, the State of Illinois in 1854 
would have been Democratic and would have supported 
Stephen A. Douglas in his Kansas-Nebraska bill, and Gov- 
ernor Matteson, instead of Lyman Trumbull, would have 
been elected to the United States Senate. 

It was the vote of these fourteen counties that made the 
State Republican in 1856 and made the candidacy of Abraham 
Lincoln for the Presidency of the United States possible in 
i860. It was the commingling within the limits of Illinois 
of the civilizations represented by the settlers from Kentucky, 
Tennessee, North Carolina, and Virginia with those of New 
York, Pennsylvania, and New England that formed and de- 
veloped the civic conditions in Illinois that proved so helpful 
and healthful to the modest and timid nature of Miss Willard 
when, as a mere schoolgirl, she left her country home in Wis- 
consin and came to Evanston, 111., to acquire her education and 
commence her life work. 

This beautiful suburb of Chicago was her home for nearly 
forty years. The conditions were all favorable here for the 
unfolding not only of her superb intellect but of the splendid 
qualities of character so marked in her mature life. Had she 
lived and been educated in some sections of our country she 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 29 

might have remained an instructor in some educational institu- 
tion, where she would have been appreciated and honored as 
such, and have died loved and respected by the many students 
who were fortunate enough to come under her personal super- 
vision, but unknown to the world. 

In Evanston and Illinois the conditions were ripe for the 
exercise of the higher and better qualities of her nature, and 
when the demand came for her to lay aside what had been de- 
termined at one time to be her life work at the head of the 
Woman's College at the Northwestern University, she did not 
hesitate, although it seemed to many of her friends that she 
was making needless sacrifices in giving up an assured career 
as an instructor in that institution. God had intended her 
from the first for a greater work than that and for a wider field 
for the exercise of her great nature. 

When she put aside the work of the schoolroom and entered 
the arena of the lecture platform in the cause of temperance 
and the purity of women, she entered the limelight of publicity, 
in which she remained during all the years of her great work 
in this and other countries. She did not escape the envious 
tongues of detractors nor the sharp thrusts of keen critics. 
She undertook tasks which to the average person would seem 
insurmountable, but to her only incidents in the career which 
she had marked out before her. Her labors, her successes, and 
her achievements have been eloquently portrayed here to-day 
by those who have preceded me. It is enough for me to note 
that no man or woman of her time wrought better or accom- 
plished more for the protection and upbuilding of her sex and 
the cause of temperance. The endearments of home and the 
quiet of her fireside were sacrificed in the interest of the unfor- 
tunate among both men and women. 



30 Acceptance of Statue of 

Her great soul carried her activities beyond State and na- 
tional lines and led her to help the unfortunate in all countries 
and all climes. The noble Roman matron Cornelia, when 
called upon by a wealthy lady of Campania to exhibit to her 
her jewels, called her two young sons to her side and said, 
"These are my jewels." Miss Willard, who rejected the 
offers of husband and home that she might the better serve 
the cause to which she had dedicated her life, on a like request 
for the exhibition of her jewels could have pointed to the 
thousands of unfortunate men and women who had been res- 
cued by her from lives of crime, drunkenness, and immorality 
to that of pure womanhood and honorable manhood. 

Her gentleness of heart, her charity, her firmness of principle, 
and her attractive personality made her a power that attracted 
to her the good women and men of this and other countries 
that she visited and enabled her to accomplish a work that has 
placed her name high on the list of the famous women of the 
world. The work that she inaugurated is going on, and will 
continue in augmented strength and influence so long as time 
lasts. 

It is not strange, then, Mr. President, that the people of Illi- 
nois should desire to see such a life and such a character espe- 
cially honored. Her services have been world-wide. The 
cause for which she dedicated her life reaches all humanity. 
The ability with which she prosecuted this life work places her 
among the most eminent intellects of our generation. She pos- 
sessed all the qualities of organization which have made such 
men as Marshall Field, Morgan, and Carnegie multimillionaires; 
a genius which in military affairs would have made a general 
of the first rank; legislative qualities which in the statesman 
would have made his name historical; oratorical abilities which 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 31 

have made such men as Beecher and Spurgeon immortal, and a 
charity which was heaven-born. 

Illinois in thus honoring her to-day by placing her statue in 
yonder hall has honored herself and the women of our State 
and country. [Applause in the galleries.] 



32 Acceptance of Statue of 



Address of Mr. Dolliver, of Iowa 

Mr. President: There has been witnessed in the Capitol 
to-day a scene the like of which has never taken place before— 
thousands of children covering a statue with flowers and thou- 
sands of women standing before it in silence and in tears. 

The original Hall of the House of Representatives has seen 
strange vicissitudes. For two generations it was the arena in 
which the great controversies of American politics were fought 
out. Here the popular leaders of those times met in debate, 
and within its walls the policies were shaped which entered into 
the national life from the days of Jefferson to the period of 
the civil war. 

When the legislative chambers now occupied by the Senate 
and House of Representatives were added to the Capitol their 
earlier quarters were left to find other occupants and other 
uses. The old Senate Chamber was given to the Supreme 
Court, and while its appointments are somewhat meager for 
that great tribunal, there is about it a certain atmosphere which 
preserves all the great traditions of the place and makes it 
seem appropriate for our court of last resort. The disposition 
of the old Hall of the House of Representatives was not so 
easy, for it lay right in the pathway of the multitude which 
moves in restless procession through the main highway of 
the Capitol. What to do with it puzzled alike the statesmen 
and the architects. 

At last they found a solution of the problem so desirable that 
it was adopted without dissent. Congress dismissed the archi- 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 33 

tects and resolved to preserve that historic apartment exactly 
as it was left to us by our fathers, nothing wanting except the 
mace and gavel to bring back the picture of the Chamber pre- 
cisely as it looked to other generations, so that you can not walk 
through it to-day without hearing in your imagination the won- 
drous voice of Henry Clay, without listening to the fierce invec- 
tives of John Randolph of Roanoke, without seeing the young 
and eager face of David Wilmot, without feeling the hush of 
silence amid the confusion of the day, as you pause to look 
at the brass tablet on the floor which records the glorious exit 
of John Quincy Adams from the noise and strife of time. 

It is not strange that everybody acquiesced, seeing that it 
could not be taken from the people, in the proposal to set the 
place apart, to be kept forever as a memorial hall, no longer 
for the living, but for the august assembly of the dead. One by 
one its vacant spaces have been chosen by the States entitled 
to them, until now these solemn effigies stand close together 
like a family reunion of the great ones of the earth. More 
than twenty of the States are represented, though some, even 
among the oldest, have not felt like choosing among their hon- 
ored citizens the names which are to stand in such distinct pre- 
eminence. Statesmen and orators are there, secure in their 
renown. Soldiers are there, with sword in hand. Inventors 
are there, whose ingenuity gave practical ideas to the world; 
and priests to bless them all with the benediction of their holy 

office. 

We are met to-day to put in place another pedestal; to accept 
another statue donated by the people to the nation. It is 
brought here by a State rich in the household treasures of its 
biography — the State which gave to American politics the 
leadership of Stephen A. Douglas; the State from which Abra- 
17046—05 3 



34 Acceptance of Statue of 

ham Lincoln set out on his triumphal journey to the capital; 
the State which signed the first commission of General Grant; 
the State in which John A. Logan was born, and from which 
he went forth to become the ideal volunteer soldier of the 
Republic. Yet the great Commonwealth passes all these by 
and brings here, with reverence and pride, a work of art so full 
of gentleness and grace that all the illustrious, company about 
it seem to bow with stately ceremony before the white figure 
of this elect daughter of Illinois — Frances E. Willard. 
[Applause in the galleries.] 

I have seen in the newspapers more than one sneering com- 
ment upon the action of the general assembly in choosing a 
woman to represent the State in our National Statuary Hall, 
and I have heard the sneer repeated here at the Capitol in 
thoughtless conversation. I confess that to me a criticism such 
as that seems strangely out of place; and in the light of what 
has been witnessed here to-day it seems too paltry and absurd 
even for passing notice. 

The distinguished Senator from Illinois [Mr. Cullom] has 
spoken so fully of the life and high achievements of Miss 
Willard that it would be inappropriate for me to repeat the 
story of her career. He knew her well. I was acquainted 
with her only in a distant way, and was less familiar than per- 
haps I ought to have been with the work which she was doing 
in the world. So that it would be impossible for me, even if 
it were appropriate, to speak of her as he has spoken. 

I knew her only as a public teacher and most distinctly as 
a factor in the political controversies of our times. It was 
my fortune to hear her more than once, advocating before 
the people her favorite reforms. 

She was one of the most persuasive orators who ever spoke 
our tongue, and her influence, apart from the singular beauty 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 35 

of her character, rested upon that fine art of reaching the hearts 
and consciences of men which gave her a right to the leadership 
which she exercised for so many years. I remember once hear- 
ing her speak, when General Harrison was a candidate for the 
Presidency, in Norumbega Hall, at Bangor, Me. I was on the 
stump for the Republican candidate and shared in a full meas 
ure the impatience of my own party with those who, under their 
sense of duty, were engaged in turning our voters aside in an 
effort to build up an organization of their own, pledged to the 
prohibition of the liquor traffic in America. 

I remember that I was especially irritated because the party 
which Miss Willard represented was not willing to let us alone 
in Maine. 

Notwithstanding all my prejudices, I invited a friend, a har- 
dened politician, then famous in our public life, to go with me 
to hear Miss Willard speak. He reluctantly consented upon 
condition that we should take a back seat and go out when he 
indicated that he had had enough. For more than two hours 
this gifted woman, with marvelous command of language, with 
a delicate sense of the fitness and simplicity of words, with a 
perfect understanding of the secret places of the human heart, 
moved that great multitude with a skill that belongs to genius 
alone, and to genius only when it is touched with live coals 
from the altar. And when it was all over we agreed together 
that in all our lives we had never witnessed a display so mar- 
velous of intellectual and spiritual power. 

But it is not my purpose to pronounce a eulogy upon Miss 
Willard. A life like hers, given without reservation and 
without terms to help and to bless the world, is in no need of 
empty words of praise. It is crowned already beyond all our 
poor eulogies. 



36 Acceptance of Statue of 

I do not know whether her devoted followers in Illinois, who 
presented to the legislature the petition asking that she be 
selected for this immortal honor, had in their thought every- 
thing which this statue means. They were moved, I do not 
doubt, by the love which they had for her to claim for her 
memory this national recognition. But even if love for her 
and generous appreciation of her distinguished civic services 
were the only motives which actuated the people of Illinois, 
there remains a larger significance which belongs to this occa- 
sion, of which I desire to speak. 

The appearance of this statue in the Capitol of the United 
vStates is not only a tribute to the career "of an illustrious 
person," to use the language of the statute; it is also a visible 
token of a forward movement in modern society which has 
already made a new statement of the relation of the home to 
the State, in terms so unmistakable that the womanhood of 
America, long since familiar with the burdens of a larger 
responsibility, has entered at last into a larger opportunity. 

I am not going to discuss and I do not even feel bound to 
give my opinion upon some of the questions to which Frances 
E. Willard devoted the latter years of her life. She was, 
most of us think, a pioneer, and whether the lands which she 
explored are to be occupied to-morrow, or the next day, or the 
next centur\ r , I will not even stop to inquire. 

These things are less important than some have thought, and 
will be worked out in woman's way and woman's time. But 
there are noticeable signs of the times, which Miss Willard 
at once illustrated and interpreted, that may be spoken of 
without venturing into the field of controversy. 

A college graduate, a student pursuing her studies in the 
University of Paris, worthily wearing her academic robes, she 
was a forerunner of the unnumbered host of American young 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 37 

women who have captured the prizes of ever}- college and 
university that has dared to admit them, until they have 
threatened at last to leave to their brethren no certificates of 
superiority except the doubtful credentials of the athletic field. 

Already they have taken possession of the high schools of 
America, and those of us who have had a chance, as I have 
often had, to look in on graduating exercises in city or in 
village, finding in ever}' class a dozen strong and healthy 
girls and an average of about three boys, one of them lame 
and the others very pale, have been compelled to entertain 
disquieting thoughts about the future of man's monopoly in 
those worldly affairs which require a preliminary training of 
the mind. 

Under such circumstances it would be strange if American 
women had not already knocked at the doors of all profes- 
sions and of all the other honorable pursuits of life. She has 
not hesitated to attempt the practice of the law. She has 
successfully acquired the learning of all the schools of medi- 
cine. She has challenged the church to show cause why she 
ought not to be commissioned to unfold to others the mys- 
teries of the godliness of which she is the most perfect dis- 
ciple. She has become the patroness of art, of literature, 
and of those far-reaching philanthropies which are lifting the 
world out of paganism and barbarism, and casting up a high- 
way for the progress of civilization. 

Into this new world this daughter of Illinois was born. 
With a woman's intuition she grasped the meaning of her 
surroundings. Turning aside from the ostentations of society, 
she put away from her the endearments of domestic life, the 
sweet content of home and children, and offered her whole 
strength to the Master whom she served that she might help 
the needy, feed the hungry, lift up the fallen, and throw the 



38 Acceptance of Statue of 

protection of our institutions about the firesides of the 
American people. I think her largest influence will be asso- 
ciated with the work of the Woman's Christian Temperance 
Union, and I can not speak of that without a sincere feeling 
when I remember one near and dear whose life was wrapped up 
in the benign purposes and plans of that great organization. 

Lord Macaulay said of John Wesley that he was one of 
the greatest statesmen of his time. What did he mean by 
that? He meant that in addition to his preaching the Word 
he created an institution, compact and effective in its meth- 
ods, which went on long after he was gone, in the execution 
of the beneficent designs which were in his heart. Exactly 
the same thing can be said for Frances E. Willard. And 
she owed to that organization possibly more even than she 
knew, because the position which she held in it made her 
office a central bureau to which reports were made of the 
moral and intellectual signs of the times ; and no man can 
read her annual messages to the organization of which she 
was the executive head without perceiving that she had a 
strong grasp of all the great social and moral problems of 
our time ; a grasp so strong that to-day her words seem 
often like prophecies fulfilled, where twenty years ago they 
hardly attracted the attention of the world. 

I think the highest point in the public career of the late 
Senator Hanna was that last speech of his l)efore a meeting 
of laboring men and capitalists belonging to the Civic Fed- 
eration in New York. When standing there, without any 
pretensions to piety or sanctity of any sort, he laid down 
the proposition, based on a long experience as a laborer and 
an employer, and on an intimate acquaintance with the lead- 
ers of political thought in all parties, that the rights of labor 
and the rights of capital can never be established on a last- 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 39 

ing basis of justice except as both bow in loyal obedience to 
the law of Christ. Frances E. Willard had, for twenty 
years before her death, taught that doctrine, not only in its 
application to the labor question, but to all the complex social 
problems of these times. 

Her chief title as a teacher of social and moral science lies in 
this: With a profound insight she perceived that the most dif- 
ficult problems of civilization, the problems which have brought 
the statesmanship and philosophy of the modern world t<> a 
dead standstill, if they have any solution at all — and she con- 
fidently believed they had — they would find it at last in the 
actual application to the daily life of the world of the divine 
precepts which constitute the most precious part of the inherit- 
ance of these Christian centuries. [Applause in the galleries.] 

And so I think that the general assembly of Illinois did well 
to set up this monument in memory of her. The children who 
have covered it this day with flowers have paid to her a tribute 
so simple and so appropriate that its fragrance will fill these 
corridors long after the formal ceremonies of this hour have 
been forgotten. And in after generations, as long as this ven- 
erable edifice remains, the women of America, as they look 
upon the chiseled beauty of that face, standing like a goddess 
among our heroes and our sages, will whisper a word of grati- 
tude to the people of Illinois when they remember the act of 
her general assembly, which, careless alike of custom and of 
precedent, has added s to the title of their citizenship this per- 
petual dignity in the Capitol of the United States. [Applause 
in the galleries.] 

The President pro tempore. The question is on agreeing to 
the resolutions submitted by the Senator from Illinois [Mr. 
Cullom] , which will be read. 

The Secretary again read the resolutions. 



4-0 Acceptance of Statue of 

The resolutions were unanimously agreed to. 

Mr. Cullom. I move that the Senate adjourn. 

The motion was agreed to; and (at 4 o'clock and 32 minutes 
p. m. ) the Senate adjourned its legislative session until to-mor- 
row, Saturday, February 18, 1905, at 12 o'clock meridian. 

Februarv 20, 1905. 

The President pro tempore. The Chair lays before the 
Senate a concurrent resolution from the House of Representa- 
tives, which will be read, and to which he calls the attention of 
the Senator from Illinois [Mr. Cullom] . 

The Secretary read the resolution, as follows: 

Resolved by the House of Representatives {the Senate concurring), 
That the statue of Frances E. Wiuard, presented by the State of Illi- 
nois, to be placed in Statuary Hall, be accepted by the United States, and 
that the thanks of Congress be tendered the State for the statue of one of 
the most eminent women of the United States. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions, duly authenticated, be trans- 
mitted to the governor of the State of Illinois. 

Mr. Cullom. Mr. President, a similar resolution has already 
passed the Senate, but the other House has passed the concur- 
rent resolution which has just been read. I ask unanimous 
consent for the consideration of the House concurrent resolu- 
tion at this time. 

The resolution was considered by unanimous consent, and 
agreed to. 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 41 



Proceedings in the House 

January 19, 1905. 

statue ok frances k. willard. 

The Speaker laid before the House the following communi- 
cation : 

The Clerk read as follows: 

State of Illinois, Executive Department, 

Springfield, January /o, /905. 
Dear Sir: Governor Deneen is in receipt of a letter from the chairman 
of the Illinois board of commissioners for the FRANCES E. Willard 
statue, informing him that the sculptor, Helen Farnsworth Mears, reports 
that the model will reach Washington, D. C. , on February i r. The com- 
missioners express the desire that Governor Deneen advise the .Senate of 
the United States and House of Representatives of the completion of the 
statue in order that a date may be immediately fixed for its acceptance by 
Congress. I am directed by Governor Deneen to communicate this fact 
to you for your information and such action as Congress may see fit to take. 

Yours, truly, 

J. WiiitTakek, 

Hon. Jos. G. Cannon, Secretary. 

Speaker House of Representatives, 

Washington, D. C. 

Mr. Fbss. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent for the 
present consideration of the following resolution. 

The Speaker. The gentleman from Illinois [Mr. Foss] 
asks unanimous consent for the present consideration of a reso- 
lution, which the Clerk will report. 

The Clerk read as follows: 

Resolved, That the exercises appropriate to the reception and accept- 
ance from the State of Illinois of the statue of Frances E. Willard, 
erected in Statuary Hall in the Capitol, be made the special order for 
Friday, February 17, at 4 o'clock. 



42 Acceptance of Statue of 

Mr. McCleary, of Minnesota. Mr. Speaker, I would like 
to ask whether this statue is one of the two that each State is 
authorized to erect in Statuary Hall? 

Mr. Foss. It is. 

The Speaker. Is there objection? 

There was no objection. 

The resolution was agreed to. 



Miss Frances E. Will a yd. 



43 



o 


fHrmortal iExnTtsrs 


o 



Friday, February iy t 1905. 

The House met at 12 o'clock noon. 

The Chaplain, Rev. Henry N. Couden, I). D., offered the 
following prayer: 

We lift up our hearts in gratitude to Thee, O God, our 
Heavenly Father, for this day, which marks an epoch in the 
progress and civilization of our age and nation by the placing 
of the statue of a woman in this Capitol, among the noted and 
illustrious men of our nation, who, by the purity of her sold, 
the breadth and scope of her intellectual attainments, the elo- 
quence and chastity of her speech, and her unselfish devotion 
to the purity of the home, the State, the nation, and humanity, 
won for herself the splendid and just encomium. "The un- 
crowned queen of purity and temperance." God grant that 
there it may stand instinct with life and vocal with its eloquent 
appeal "for God and home and native land:' there may it 
stand a beacon light for untold millions in their upward and 
onward march toward the ideals in Christian manhood and 
womanhood; and glory and praise be Thine, through Jesus 
Christ our Lord. Amen. 



44 Acceptance of Statue of 

RESERVATION OF GALEERY. 

Mr. Foss. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that the 

following resolution be agreed to. 

The Speaker. The Clerk will read the resolution. 

The Clerk read as follows: 

Resolved, That during the ceremonies incident to the acceptance of the 
statue of Frances E. Willard presented by the State of Illinois to the 
Government of the United States, on Friday, February 17, at 4 o'clock, 
the southeast ladies' gallery be reserved for the Illinois statuary commission 
and the relatives of the late Frances E. Wieeard and such citizens of 
Illinois as may attend these services. 

The Speaker. Is there objection? 
There was no objection. 

ACCEPTANCE OF STATUE OF FRANCES E. WIELARD. 

The Speaker. The Clerk will read the special order. 

The Clerk read as follows : 

Friday, February 17. — On motion of Mr. Foss, by unanimous consent, 
Resolved, That the exercises appropriate to the reception and accept- 
ance from the State of Illinois of the statue of Frances E. Wieeard, 
erected in Statuary Hall, in the Capitol, be made the special order for 
Friday, February 17, at 4 o'clock. 

Mr. Foss. Mr. Speaker, I will ask the Clerk to read the 
communication which I send to the desk. 
The Clerk read as follows : 

Executive Department, 

Springfield, February 16, 1905. 
To the Senate and House of Representatives of the I 'uited States: 

By authority of the act of the general assembly of Illinois the governor 
of Illinois heretofore appointed Anna E. Gordon, Mary E. Metzgar, John 
J. Mitchell, W. R. Jewell, and Mrs. S. M. D. Fry to constitute a commis- 
sion to procure a statue of Frances E. Wieeard for erection in Statuary 
Hall, in the Capitol at Washington, D. C. 

I am informed by the commissioners that the statue was made by Helen 
F. Mears, of New York City; that it is completed and has been placed in 
position and is now ready to be presented to Congress. 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 45 

I have been further informed by Miss Anna !•'.. Gordon, chairman of tbe 

commissioners, that a resolution is to be presented accepting said statue. 

As governor of the State of Illinois, therefore, I have the honor to present 

to the Government of the United States the statue hereinbefore referred t<>. 

Very respectfully, 

Chas. s. Deneen, 
Governor of Illinois. 

Mr. Foss. Mr. Speaker, I submit the following resolution. 
which I send to the desk, and ask that it be considered as 
pending. 

The Clerk read as follows: 

Resolved by the House of Representatives [the Senate concurring), 
That the statue of Frances E. Wizard, presented by the State of Illi- 
nois, to be placed in Statuary Hall, be accepted by the United States, and 
that the thanks of Congress be tendered the State fur the statue of one 
of the most eminent women of the United States. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions, duly authenticated, be trans- 
mitted to the governor of the State of Illinois. 



46 Acceptance of Statue of 



Address of Mr. Foss, of Illinois 

Mr. Speaker: Congress, on July 2, 1864, passed a law 
authorizing the President to invite all the States to provide 
and furnish statues in marble or bronze, not exceeding two 
in number for each State, of deceased persons who have 
been citizens thereof and illustrious for their historic renown 
or for distinguished civic or military service, such as each 
State may deem to be worthy of this national commemora- 
tion, and when so furnished the same shall be placed in the 
old Hall of the House of Representatives in the Capitol of 
the United States, which is set apart, or so much thereof as 
may be necessary, as a National Statuary Hall. 

In pursuance of this, nineteen States have presented statues 
of illustrious citizens; fourteen States have filled their quota: 

Massachusetts, Winthrop and Adams. 

New Hampshire, Stark and Webster. 

Vermont, Collamer and Allen. 

Rhode Island, Greene and Williams. 

Connecticut, Sherman and Trumbull. 

New York, Clinton and Livingston. 

New- jersey, Stockton and Kearny. 

Pennsylvania, Fulton and Muhlenberg. 

Maryland, Carroll and Hanson. 

West Virginia, Kenna and Pierpont. 

Ohio, Allen and Garfield. 

Missouri, Benton and Blair. 

Texas, Houston and Austin. 



Miss Frances E. Willard, 47 

Maine, King. 

Indiana, Morton. 

Michigan, Cass. 

Wisconsin, Marquette. 

Kansas, Ingalls. 

Illinois has her v Shields, and now presents the statue of 
Frances E. Willard, one of the foremost women of her time. 

The following act was passed by the legislature of Illinois 
with practical unanimity on February 28, 1899, and signed by 
the governor: 

Whereas Congress has invited each State of the Union to furnish statues 
in marble or bronze of two of its deceased citizens, illustrious for their 
historic renown or for distinguished civic or military service, and deemed 
worthy of national commemoration, and to have the same placed in the 
National Statuary Hall, in the Capitol, at Washington, I). C; and 

Whereas the State of Illinois has furnished but one of its statues, ami 
before the close of this century it should complete the number allotted to 
it; and 

Whereas Illinois has been noted for its illustrious warriors, jurists, and 
statesmen — Grant, Shields, Logan, Palmer, McClernand, Davis, Trumbull, 
Breese, Schofield, McAllister, Lincoln, Douglas, Yates, Lovejov, and count- 
less others, like McDougall and Baker, who won fame in other States; and 

Whereas the fame of none of these was more heroicallv won or more 
richly deserved than that of one of our deceased citizens, illustrious for 
historic renown and distinguished for civic service in Europe and America 
in a new unexplored field of Christian endeavor, the effect of whose efforts 
and achievements and the influence of whose spotless life and sublime 
example has been so marked that the world has wondered and admired 
the author, organizer, and advocate of purity and temperance, Illinois's 
most illustrious deceased citizen, Frances E. Willard, the uncrowned 
queen of purity and temperance, whose ashes repose in peace on the shores 
of Lake Michigan at Evanston, 111. Her life, like that of her Redeemer, 
was devoted to the spiritual welfare of mankind, and the world at large 
has been materially benefited by her prayers and sacrifices. Radiant 
with a halo of all the virtues, her face shown with the light of intelligence. 
Her marvelous abilities energized all around and about her, while her 
gentleness, tact, and self-sacrificing spirit calmed every storm that rose in 
the councils which w r ere graced and blessed by her presence. Her grand 
life is a "beacon light" to the good and the true of all sexes, races, and 
creeds in the civilized world, and her wonderful achievements are lights 



48 Acceptance of Statue of 

and landmarks on the cliffs of fame, which will for all time illumine the 
paths of millions of women wherever civilization has a footing, which is 
where woman is duly appreciated; and 

Whereas the priceless heritage of such a life belongs of right to Illinois; 
and 

Whereas she glories in it, and deems it " worthy of national commemo- 
ration : ' ' Therefore, 

To immortalize it, and to show all nations how exalted a sphere woman 
occupies in this great State, the following law is hereby placed upon our 
statute books : 

AN ACT to select commissioners to expend not to exceed $9,000 in purchasing a heroic 
bronze or marble statue of the late Frances E. Willard, and to provide a pedestal 
to be appropriately inscribed and ornamented, and also to defray the expense of 
transporting the same to Washington, D. C, when completed, and erecting it in the 
National Statuary Hall at Washington, D. C. 

Be it enacted by the people of the State of Illinois represented in the 
general assembly, That five persons, to be selected by the governor of the 
State, be, and they are hereby, authorized and empowered, as commis- 
sioners, to purchase a heroic statue of the late Frances 15. Willard, to 
be cast in standard bronze metal or marble, and a pedestal or base for the 
same, and also to defray the cost and expenses of transporting them when 
completed to Washington, D. C, and erecting them in the National Statu- 
arv Hall at the Capitol, said commissioners shall not hereby be empowered 
to obligate the State of Illinois to pay any amount in excess of the sum 
stated in section 3 of this act. ► 

SEC. 2. Said commissioners are to receive no pay nor compensation of 
any kind for their services in the fulfillment of duties required of them by 
this act. 

Sec. 3. For the purpose of defraying the cost of said statue, pedestal, 
and all other costs and obligations hereinbefore stated and set forth, or 
incident thereto, the sum of $9,000, or so much thereof as may be neces- 
sarv, is hereby appropriated out of the State treasury, and the auditor of 
public accounts is hereby required to draw his warrant on the treasurer 
of the State for such sum as may be expended, upon bills of particulars, to 
be approved of by the governor. 

The commissioners appointed by the governor were Miss 
Anna A. Gordon, Evanston ; John J. Mitchell, Chicago; Mrs. 
Susanna M. D. Fry, Evanston; W. R. Jewell, Danville; and 
Mrs. Mary E. Metzgar, Moline. 

The commissioners awarded the execution of the statue to 
Helen Farnsworth Mears, and she has brought out in Carrara 



Miss Frames E. Willard. 49 

marble the refined womanliness, the nobility and strength of 
character, the sweetness and simplicity, and the intense yearn- 
ing to help humanity which characterized Frances E. Wil- 
LARD as an educator, philanthropist, and friend. 

The statue is of Carrara marble, a little more than life size, 
and represents Miss Willard standing in an easy, graceful 
position. The right arm is slightly extended, the hand rest- 
ing upon a reading desk; the left arm is at her side with a few- 
pages of manuscript in the hand. The pose of the head is 
very lifelike as Miss Willard appeared when looking out 
upon an audience. The face is strong and spiritual. 

The pedestal is of Vermont marble and bears the following 

inscription: 

"Ah! it is women who have given the costliest hostages to fortune. 
Out into the battle of life they have sent their best beloved, with fearful 
odds against them. Oh, by the dangers they have dared; by the hours of 
patient watching over beds where helpless children lay; by the incense of 
ten thousand prayers wafted from their gentle lips to heaven, I cha.ge you 
give them power to protect along life's treacherous highway those whom 
they have so loved." — Frances E. Willard. 

Presented by the State ok Illinois, 
February XVII, MCMV. 

In pursuance of a resolution adopted by the House of Rep- 
resentatives on January 19, 1905, which I, as Representative 
of the district in which FRANCES E. WllXARD lived, had the 
honor to introduce, we are here assembled at this hour to 
receive and accept from the State of Illinois the statue of this 
noble woman, now erected in Statuary Hall. 

Frances E. Willard was of New England ancestry. She 
was born in 1839, in the little village of Churchville, about 14 
miles west of the city of Rochester, N. Y. When but 3 years 
of age her parents moved to Oberlin, Ohio, and five years after- 
wards they settled in Wisconsin, near the town of Janesville, 
17046—05 4 



50 Acceptance of Statue of 

where her father purchased a large farm on the banks of Rock 
River, and here she spent twelve years of her life. At the age 
of 17 she entered the female college of Milwaukee, where her 
aunt was professor of history, and remained there a year, and 
then pursued her studies further at the Woman's College of the 
Northwestern University, at Evanston. She stood at the head 
of her class and became editor of the college paper, and was a 
natural leader among her companions. Upon graduation she 
chose the profession of a teacher, and had she continued would 
have made one of the great teachers of the country, as she had 
a natural fitness for this work. For a time she taught at a 
female college in Pittsburg, Pa., and at the Genesee Wesleyan 
Seminary, Lima, N. Y. 

After a two years' trip abroad she returned to Evanston, her 
home, and was elected dean of the Woman's College there, 
where she worked with great success for three years. Then 
she resigned her position and entered upon the greater work to 
which she was called. 

She became president of a Chicago Woman's Christian Tem- 
perance Society, and soon after prepared her first lecture on 
"The New Chivalry," which produced such favorable com- 
ment that she was besieged with a large number of engage- 
ments to speak, and thus began her career as a public speaker. 

Miss Anna A. Gordon, in her work on The Beautiful Life 

of Frances E. Willard, states that — 

The story of Miss Wizard's early Chicago work reads like a romance. 
Into it she flung herself with the ardor of a St. Francis d'Assisi. She made 
the little great, the weak a power. She who had studied books now studied 
humanity. 

In October of the same year she was the moving spirit in the 
organization of the Illinois Woman's Christian Temperance 
Union, and in November following she assisted in the organi- 
zation of the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 



5i 



at Cleveland, Ohio, and became its secretary, so that within a 
few brief months after the choice of her career we find her an 
active force in the local, State, and national unions. In i.s;.> 
she was elected president of the national union, and was 
reelected year after year until she died. 

In 18S3, with Anna A. Gordon, her devoted friend and 
assistant, she visited every State and Territory in the Union, 
traveling 30,000 miles and organizing local unions everywhere. 
In the same year Miss Willard founded the World's Christian 
Temperance Union and became its president. She visited 
England in 1892 and was given a great reception in London, 
participated in by fifty philanthropical societies and some of the 
.foremost men of Great Britain. She returned home and pur- 
sued her work with greater zeal and energy until she departed 
this life in the city of New York February 17, 1S98 — seven 
years ago to-day. 

Time would fail me to describe the wonderful work accom- 
plished by this woman.- Edward Everett Hale, in his tribute 
to her, said: 

Miss Willard has commanded and deserved the love and respect of 
millions of the women of this country. With unanimous loyalty, enthu- 
siastic wherever they could express it, they chose her every year to be tin- 
president of their great temperance organization, whose work under 
her leadership has been extraordinary. Its history thus far has been 
the same thing as the biography of FRANCES Wiu.akd. That his- 
tory is not simply the narrative of a noble life. It is an important illus- 
tration of wise administration. Her annual messages to her constituents 
are better worth reading than the messages of the President of the United 
States for the same time. They were messages to people she loved and 
who loved her, written with the enthusiasm of love letters by a woman 
singularly well educated, broad in lur whole view of life, and in her very 
heart, and in every syllable which her heart prompted, brave and true. 

The Woman's Christian Temperance Union, of which Miss 
Willard was the controlling spirit, is the greatest organization 
of Christian women ever banded together for a great cause. 



52 Acceptance of Statue of 

It grew out of the great woman's temperance crusade of 
1873-74. It has sixty-four auxiliary unions; fifty-six are State, 
and six are Territorial, and the other two are the District of 
Columbia and Hawaii. It has been organized in ever}- State 
and Territory of the nation, and locally in 10,000 towns and 
cities. Its national motto is: ' For God, for home, and native 
land." Its badge is the white ribbon, symbolical of purity 
and peace and the preservation of the home. Its principles 
are: "To educate the young; to form a better public senti- 
ment; to reform, so far as possible, by religious, ethical, and 
scientific means, the drinking classes; to seek the transform- 
ing power of divine grace for ourselves and all for whom we 
work, that they and we may willfully transcend no law of pnre 
and wholesome living; and finally we pledge ourselves to labor 
and to pray that all these principles, founded upon the Gospel 
and Christ, may be worked out into the customs of society and 
the laws of the land." 

The World's Woman's Christian Temperance Union is com- 
posed of national unions which have been organized in over 
fifty nations, with a total membership of about half a million. 
These facts give a better idea than anything else of the great 
work which has been accomplished by Frances Willard, 
the founder of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. 

Above all things Frances Wieeard was an organizer. She 

organized for women through women. She often said: 

Alone we can do little, separated we are the units of weakness, but ag- 
gregated we become batteries of power. Agitate, educate, organize — 
these are the deathless watchwords of success. 

Whittier has summed up her life work in these lines: 

She knew the power of banded ill, 
But felt that love was stronger still, 
And organized, for doing good, 
The world's united womanhood. 

[Applause.] 



Miss Frances E. I Til lard. 53 

Frances Willard was an orator. She had the gift of elo- 
quence to a remarkable degree. Both Beecher and Phillips 
have paid tribute to her power over audiences. Her voice was 
clear and penetrating and had in it that peculiar quality which 
held her audience entranced. She had a message and she told 
it with great simplicity, but with greater power. Gunsaulus 
and Hillis, two of the most eloquent preachers of our day, have 
testified to her powers of oratory. The former said: 

If a great heart, fed by fiery streams from on high, glowing and molten 
with burning love for humanity, issuing forth its indignant denunciation 
of evil, pouring out incessant streams of argument against well-dressed 
error and fashionable wrong, kindling with lightning-like- heat thousands 
Of fellow-beings until they also flash to holy wrath which scathes the 
slayer and illumines the slain; if lifting millions of human beings from 
out the noise and dullness of unreason into the serene radiance of reason, 
so that they are willing to obey the highest ideals and to serve at any cost 
the noblest demands of humanity and God; if these be the characteristics 
or results of eloquence, then, without doubt, Frances Wiu.aku must be 
considered one of the most eloquent of the orators of our time. 

Hillis has said: 

Her greatest oratorical triumphs were in villages and cities, where some 
hall not holding more than a thousand people was crowded with apprecia- 
tive listeners. At such times she stood forth one of the most gifted 
speakers of this generation, achieving efforts that were truly amazing. 
What ease and grace of bearing! What gentleness and strength ! What 
pathos and sympathy! How exquisitely modulated her words ' If her 
speech did not flow as a gulf stream; if it did not beat like an ocean upon 
a continent, she sent her sentences forth, an arrowy flight, and each 
tipped with divine fire. 

Frances Wieeard was universally mourned as one of the 

greatest women of her time. Bishop Newman said of her: 

For intelligence and eloquence she was the foremost woman of her 
generation. Such was the breadth of her catholicity that she recognized 
goodness wherever found. Her philanthropy touched suffering humanity 
in all lands. * * * Let womanhooTl emulate her virtues, imitate her 
example, cherish her memory, till purity and temperance shall become 
coextensive with the business and abode of humanity. 



34 Acceptance of Statue of 

Bishop Fallows said: 

I have heard many women— women who have achieved greatness — but 
never have I heard one who was so finished and eloquent as the dead 
leader of the great temperance movement among women. * * * There 
was but one Miss Willard. * She is worthy to rank with Jeffer- 

son, for she formulated a declaration of independence for her sex. 

Bishop Vincent said: 

Frances Willard was a dreamer and a doer. She saw visions and 
wrought them into orations and devices and achievements. 

Doctor Barrows said: 

Her grand life is a prophecy and harbinger of the good time which has 
been so long on the way. Miss Willard will be mourned in all the con- 
tinents. I found her name as familiar and dear in Asia as in America. 

John D. Long, speaking of her life, said: 

It has been a life of devotion to humanity. Her services in the cause of 
temperance and good morals have been of inestimable value. Her example 
and influence will henceforth be a part of the forces molding the advancing 
civilization of our country and the world. 

Dr. Josiah Strong said: 

She was one of the great women of the world, and made all people her 
debtors. 

Anthony Comstock said: 

Earth has been enriched by her life and presence. 

Canon Wilberforce paid tribute also to her personal influence, 
her platform gifts, her wonderful power of organization, and 
her single-heartedness. 

Rev. F. W. Farrar, dean of Canterbury, said: 

Miss Willard set a very noble example of self-denying labor on behalf 
of a great cause, and she showed how grand a work may be achieved by 
a single-hearted toiler inspired by the love of God and man. 

Dr. George C. L,orimer has said: 

If Miss Willard had been a man she would have rivaled Cobden and 
Bright in philanthropic statesmanship; if she had been a man she would 
have excelled Adam Smith in promoting the wealth of nations; if she had 
been a man she would have ranked with Wilberforce and Garrison in 



Miss Fra n ces E. J 1 'ilia ; v /. 



55 



advancing the cause of emancipation; if she hail been a man she would 
have shared the laurels of Caruot the elder as an organizer of armies ami 
of Grant as their persistent and successful commander. But being a 
woman — well, posterity, I am sure, will assign her a unique niche in the 
temple of fame. 

The State of Illinois presents this statue as a tribute to the 
life of Frances E. Willard, and in a larger and truer scub- 
as a tribute to woman and the magnificent progress she lias 
made under our free institutions. 

The past century has been one of great progress in art. in 
literature, in science, in all things; not that it has produced 
the greatest poets in the world, nor the greatest authors, n< ti- 
the greatest orators, but the century will be conspicuous in 
that education, enlightenment, and advancement have come 
to the many and not to the few. But the greatest progress 
has been that of woman. 

Mrs. John Adams, a little over a hundred years ago, in 
speaking of the women of her time, said that "female edu- 
cation in the best families went no further than writing and 
arithmetic, and in some few and rare instances music and 
dancing." What a marvelous change has been wrought in the 
succeeding years in the education of woman. 

Oberlin College, in Ohio, was the first institution to grant 
a diploma to women, in 1838. Since then the highest insti- 
tutions, with few exceptions, have been thrown open to 
both sexes, and are granting degrees to women in theological, 
medical, and legal schools, and the world has marked the 
magnificent progress which woman has made. 

A few years ago Susan B. Anthony in an article said that 
"fifty years ago woman in the United States was without a 
recognized individuality in any department of life," but now we 
find her in all occupations and in all professions dividing honors 
with men. 



56 Acceptance of Statue of 

It might be asked, Why should the State of Illinois, which has 
produced so many illustrious men, offer the statue of a woman, 
the first to be placed in yonder hall among warriors and states- 
men and pioneers and discoverers, who have wrought mightily 
for their country on the field of battle, in the halls of Congress, 
on the frontier, and in civil life? Why did not Illinois send 
here a statue of Lincoln, that divinely gifted man whom James 
Russell Lowell called "the first American," or why should she 
not place here in yonder hall the statue of the great Douglas, 
whose life was interwoven with that of Lincoln, the two mighty 
antagonists in the greatest debate of modern times? 

Some might ask, Why not place there the statue of Ulysses S- 
Grant, the foremost general of the century, a man who wrought 
nobly for the salvation of his country and the preservation of 
the Union, and no sooner had the war clouds disappeared than 
he became the great advocate of peace, a perpetual peace 
between all sections of our common country in the eternal bonds 
of American brotherhood? [Applause.] 

But these great men of Illinois whom I have named belonged 
to no vState, but were given long since to the Union. Xo 
statue can ever add to their fame, and no monument can ever 
tower as high as the magnificent character which they left to 
their country. Why confine them within the bounds of Statu- 
ary Hall? They have stood for many a year out under the 
American sky, the dome of the everlasting Union, and received 
the veneration of every American citizen for the mighty works 
which they wrought in the nation's life. 

The Illinois legislature, without the slightest disrespect to 
her great sons, in its wisdom believed that the time had come 
when woman should be honored and when her statue should 
be placed in the American Pantheon, and who shall say that 
woman has no right there? [Applause.] What voice will be 
lifted to protest? Has all the wonderful development of our 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 57 

country ever since the time when that frail bark landed with 
its precious cargo of human freight on Plymouth Rock been 
accomplished by men? Has woman played no part in this 
tremenduous national development? Has she exercised no 
influence on our national life? 

Who does not recall the bravery of those noble women who 
endured the hardships and deprivations of life, for conscience' 
sake, along with their fathers, their husbands, and their 
brothers in the first few years of the Plymouth colony? And 
all along clown through the history of our country has not 
woman been the companion of man in the trials and tribula- 
tions, in peace and in war, doing her part as nobly as he, 
laying the foundations of the state, and building upon them a 
government of liberty, equality, and fraternity to all? 

Time would fail me to enumerate many instances where 
woman has played a conspicuous part in our national his- 
tory. Who does not recall Molly Pitcher, who fired the last 
eun at Fort Clinton, and afterwards received a lieutenant's 
commission from Washington? 

Who does not recall Catharine Schuyler setting fire to the 
grain fields for fear that the British might reap the harvest? 
Who does not recall Narcissa Whitman, the first white woman 
to settle in the State of Washington, who, with her husband, 
Dr. Marcus Whitman, went as a missionary to the Indians and 
lost her life in the opening up of the far western country? 
Who does not recall how the early mothers wrought in the 
development of the mighty West everywhere? How they 
endured the hardships and braved the dangers of life in the 
paths of civilization and builded the home and planted the 
sanctuary and worshiped their God out on the outposts of 
civilization, which later became the fortifications of freedom, 
of liberty, and enlightenment. [Applause.] 



58 Acceptance of Statue of 

Nor, sir, can we forget the gentle ministering angels of 
the camps and hospitals during our wars, and particularly 
during our great civil war. On one side or on the other, 
for while there was a division of sentiment between two sec- 
tions of our great country there was no sectionalism in the 
gentleness and the thoughtfulness of the ministrations of the 
American woman whether she lived in the North or in the 
South [applause], and many a northern soldier had his wounds 
bound up and went on his way through the attention and 
care of the noble women of the South. [Applause.] 

American history indeed would not be complete without 
mentioning the name of Harriet Beecher Stowe, who, through 
the mutterings of Uncle Tom, awoke the conscience of the 
people to "man's injustice to man," and Julia Ward Howe, 
whose famous Battle Hymn of the Republic stirred the souls 
of men to victory, and Clara Barton [applause], who helped 
to bind the wounds which war had made. 

In every field of human endeavor she has nobly done her 
part. Why, the mere mention of the names of Mary Lyon, 
Margaret Fuller, Harriet Martineau, Susan B. Anthony, Lucy 
Stone, Harriet Hosmer, Charlotte Cushman, Mary Livermore, 
Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, Elizabeth Cady Stan- 
ton, Helen Keller, Helen Gould, Bertha Palmer, Jane Addams, 
and others I might mention call to mind the influence and 
power of woman in the development of American civilization. 
[Applause.] 

Nor should I forget that woman above all other women, 
whose life and all its energies are consecrated to the home; 
who quietly and patiently wends her way without any other 
thought than the development of the young life or lives 
around her, who in after years may rise to call her blessed; 
content to live, perchance, in a narrow sphere, educating her 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 



59 



children, fitting them for higher stations in life than she 
ever hoped to occupy, giving them advantages she never 
could have, inspired by that one great thought of doing 
those she loved — I refer to that noble woman whom each 
man calls "mother." [Applause.] 

How often do we hear men who have achieved the greatest 
success in human life with one accord turn and say that their 
success is due to her. Perhaps no instance is so conspicuous 
in recent years as that of our martyred McKinley. What poet 
can say proper tribute, what author can give full praise, or 
what orator can ever describe the height and depth of a 
mother's love? She, after all, has been the mighty controlling 
influence in our national life. [Applause.] 

Frances E. Willard herself once said: "If I were asked 
what was the true mission of the ideal woman, I would say, 'It 
is to make the whole world motherlike.' " 

Illinois, therefore, presents this statue, not only as a tribute 
to her whom it represents— one of the foremost women of Amer- 
ica — but as a tribute to woman and her mighty influence upon 
our national life; to woman in the home; to woman in all the 
occupations and professions of life; to woman in all her char- 
ity and philanthropy, wherever she is toiling for the good of 
humanity; to woman everywhere, who has ever stood "for 
God, for home, for native land." [Great applause.] 



6o Acceptance of Statue of 



Address of Mr. Graff, of Illinois 

Mr. Speaker: The legislature of the State of Illinois passed 
an act which was approved by Governor John R. Tanner, 
February 28, 1S99, entitled "An act to select a commission 
to expend not to exceed £9,000 to purchase a heroic bronze 
or marble statue of the late Frances E. Willard, and to 
provide a pedestal, to be appropriately inscribed and orna- 
mented, and also to defray the expenses of transportation of 
same to Washington, D. C, when completed, and erecting it 
in the National Statuary Hall' in this city. The preamble 
of that act reads as follows: 

Whereas Congress has invited each State of the Union to furnish statues 
in marble or bronze of two of its deceased citizens, illustrious for their 
historic renown or for distinguished civic or military service, and deemed 
worthy of national commemoration, and to have the same placed in the 
National Statuary Hall in the Capitol at Washington, D. C. ; and 

Whereas the State of Illinois has furnished but one of its statues, and 
before the close of the century should complete the number allotted to 
it; and 

Whereas Illinois has been noted for its illustrious warriors, jurists, and 
statesmen — Grant, Shields, Logan, rainier, McClernand, Davis, Trumbull, 
Breese, Schofield, McAllister, Lincoln, Douglas, Yates, Lovejoy, and count- 
less others, like McDougall and Baker, who won fame in other States; and 

Whereas the fame of none of these was more heroically won or more 
richly deserved than that of one of our deceased citizens, illustrious for 
historic renown and distinguished for civic service in Europe and Amer- 
ica in a new, unexplored field of Christian endeavor, the effect of whose 
efforts and achievements and the influence of whose spotless life and 
sublime example has been so marked that the world has wondered and 
admired the author, the organizer, and advocate of purity and temper- 
ance, Illinois's most illustrious deceased citizen, Frances E. Willard, 
the uncrowned queen of purity and temperance, whose ashes repose in 
peace on the shores of Lake Michigan at Evanston, 111. Her life, like 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 61 

that of her Redeemer, was devoted to the spiritual welfare of mankind, 
and the world at large has been materially benefited by her prayers and 
sacrifices. Radiant with a halo of all the virtues, her face shone with the 
light of intelligence. Her marvelous abilities energized all around and 
about her, while her gentleness, tact, and self-sacrificing spirit calmed 
every storm that arose in the councils which were graced and blessed by 
her presence. Her grand life is a " beacon light " to the g 1 and tin- 
true of all sexes, races, and creeds in the civilized world, and her wonder- 
ful achievements are lights and landmarks on the cliffs of fame, which 
will for all time illumine the paths of millions of women wherever civili- 
zation has a footing, which is where woman is duly appreciated; and 

Whereas the priceless heritage of such a life belongs of right to Illinois; 
and 

Whereas she glories in it and deems it " worthy of national commemo- 
ration:" Therefore, 

To immortalize it and show to all nations how exalted a sphere woman 
occupies in this great State, the following law is placed upon our statute 
books. * * * 

The commissioners appointed by Governor Tanner were: 
Miss Anna A. Gordon, Evanston: Mrs. Susanna M. D. Fry, 
Evanston; \V. R. Jewell, Danville; Mary E. Metzgar, Moline; 
John J. Mitchell, Chicago. 

The commissioners appropriately awarded the fashioning of 
this statne to an American woman, Helen Farnsworth Mears. 

By this act of the State of Illinois through its legislature, the 
first statue of a woman is to stand in Statuary Hall among other 
famous Americans who have done sufficiently great work to 
justify some State of the Union in thus honoring- their memory. 

Of the population of the United States, there are 37.17S.127 
females and 38,816,448 males. In the moral and religious 
work of the world woman is conceded by all to have taken a 
part and exerted an influence fully commensurate with her 
proportionate numbers. Yes, I believe her to have been the 
larger factor in the moral and religious advance of mankind. 

In the last half century her intellectual life has rapidly 
widened with the growth of education and intelligence. In 
those nations at the present time where is now found the 



62 Acceptance of Statue of 

largest measure of political liberty, the highest standard of 
living, and the greatest individual prosperity and happiness 
are to be found for woman the greatest civil rights, the 
largest freedom of action, the widest field of opportunities. 

In nearly every State of the Union the restraints of the com- 
mon law 7 have been removed by legislative action and woman 
has been given every legal right excepting that of suffrage 
with well-nigh a universal acquiescence. 

In a few States the unrestricted right of suffrage has been 
accorded her, and in many others the right to vote for school 
officers has been extended to her. 

In no other nation of the world have the political rights of 
women been broadened as rapidly as they have in this country. 
Her prominence in the educational work of the United States 
meets with no denial: Her impress upon the life of the nation 
has become more and more apparent, and always for good. 
She has contributed her full share in the achievements of our 
nation. She has not only molded the character and trained the 
intellect of our citizenship, but has been a worthy and equal 
companion with her sons and husband in after life in their 
private enterprises and their public duties. 

If the most distinguished of those who are immortalized in 
marble in yonder Hall could speak their belief as to the greatest 
factor in their secured fame, the answer would undoubtedly be, 
■' My mother." 

Therefore it seems to me that the decision of my State was 
a most appropriate and wise one in selecting in this day and 
age from her illustrious sons and daughters the best known 
and most universally loved woman in the United States, 
Frances E. Willard, as the one to be commemorated in 
marble and stand in the national Capitol, as an evidence of our 
appreciation of a singularly beautiful and useful life. 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 63 

Descended from Puritan stock, with an ancestry especially 
notable in religious and educational work; born in New York, 
taken as a child to Ohio, and moving from thence later in the 
typical prairie schooner to her forest home in Wisconsin, where 
she spent her girlhood, and finally commencing her young 
womanhood at Evanstou, 111., and retaining her home there, to 
be brought back at the time of her death to be buried, she was 
essentially an American. 

Born on September 28, 1839, at Churchville, X. Y., and 
passing away February 20, 1898, at Xew York City, she wit- 
nessed the development of American civilization from a primi- 
tive condition through its development of almost sixty years. 
The measure of a human life is its motive rather than its 
accomplishments. Back of the great achievements for the 
nation accomplished through the guidance of Abraham Lin- 
coln are the motives which moved him, the principles which 
controlled him. 

To-dav we have enjoyed the blessings which are the fruition 
of his work so long that we hardly stop to appreciate them; 
but the American people still hunger for every stray incident 
concerning his personal life which in any way aids in the fur- 
ther interpretation of the character of this man, who in the 
midst of failure would have remained the lover of humanity. 
[Applause.] 

As with Lincoln, the closer one studies the incidents of the 
life of Frances E. Willard, the fuller the details of her daily 
life and its purposes are made known, the more evident it 
becomes that she was first and foremost of all a lover of 
humanity, and that the one purpose of her life was to devote 
it to the best advantage for the uplifting of her kind. 



64 Acceptance of Statue of 

She regarded her life as a "charge to keep," and it is said 
that she was guided by the spirit of the rocking-chair lullaby 
sung to her hy her father: 

To serve the present age, 

My calling to fulfill, 
Oh, may it all my powers engage 

To do my Master's will. 

From a lisping child she was nurtured under religious influ- 
ences and imbued with the thoughts that her life should be 
devoted to high and noble purposes, and hence after her educa- 
tion had been completed at Northwestern University and she 
had commenced her life's work further preparation as dean of 
the Woman's College at Evanston her constant aim was to 
impress upon her students the importance of a purposeful life. 

The oft-repeated question to her girl students was, ' ' What 
do you intend to do in life?" The great object to her in 
education was the development of character. "What shall we 
do with our lives?" was the question ringing through her life 
as a teacher and reformer. She was proud of her sex. She 
strove to elevate it. She endeavored to broaden its opportuni- 
ties, to enlarge its usefulness, to increase its influence, to uplift 
its purposes. If her life was viewed from the standpoint of her 
influence upon the women of the United States, without regard 
to her work elsewhere or upon men, she still would be the 
greatest figure of our country in woman's work and woman's 
betterment. [Applause.] 

Her educational work gave a distinct impetus to the higher 
education of women and accident played an important part 
in taking her from this field into the larger national work 
for purity and temperance. She displayed wonderful powers 
of organization and executive ability as head of the National 
Woman's Christian Temperance Union and as president of 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 65 

the World's Woman's Christian Temperance Union, the latter 
of which she founded. Other women have become distin- 
guished and national figures, but no one of her kind ever 
became so universally known and loved throughout the entire- 
land in the humblest homes. She reached down into the 
lives of the millions and made her influence felt, and broad- 
ened and sweetened lives and changed their purpose for the 
better to the extent, perhaps, that no man or other woman 
of America has ever done. [Applause.] 

She broadened her culture and enlarged her knowledge of 
life by study abroad in Europe and in the East; but all of the 
powers of this richly endowed woman were devoted to the single- 
purpose of her life. 

The motto of her order, "For God, and home, and native 
land," was manifest in her every effort. She rightly con- 
ceived that the homes of America should be the safeguards 
of the nation, and hence her philanthropic work was devoted 
to the elevation of the home life. Her face is familiar to 
almost every child as well as those of maturer years from 
ocean to ocean. And what is more important, the principles 
for what that face stood are quite as familiar. She addressed 
large audiences in every city of 10,000 people and upward 
in the United States and in many of smaller population. She 
met the test of the orator, for she won converts and changed 
lives through the medium of her speeches. 

As an orator she ever remained the woman, and throughout 
her work her methods were distinctly womanly. Her activity 
was simply wonderful, and the energy which she was able to 
sustain with her delicate body was a constant surprise to her 
friends. She practically had no leisure. And the influence 
of the female organizations which were under her chief control 
have certainly left a deep and permanent impress upon Ameri- 
17046—05 5 



66 Acceptance of Statue of 

can life and that of the world. Did she complete the vast 
work in which she was engaged? Did she consummate the 
complete reformation of the world? Ah, no. It is manifest 
from all history that the moral evolution of mankind is most 
exceedingly slow. Is to succeed the test of greatness? From 
the illustrious men whose figures and memories are perpetuated 
in yonder Hall select one whose great work was accomplished 
to its full extent ! Not one. The future is full of problems 
for the centuries. It is for each man and woman to do his 
little part. Be it said, however, that the moral tone of the 
people of the United States is higher, the field of woman 
enlarged and fuller of hope, and the future of the United 
States is brighter for the life of this woman, honored by the 
State and nation because her work was good and immortal, 
because Frances E. Willard yet speaks. [Applause.] 

Mr. Speaker, I take great pleasure and congratulate my 
fellow-citizens of this Republic upon the fact that we place 
woman upon a higher standard than is done in any other 
civilized nation in the world. [Applause.] The dissemination 
of education in the last twenty years has brought about new 
ideals concerning the proper elements which make up the suc- 
cessful mother, which enables her to perform all of the duties 
connected with the fashioning of human souls, with the build- 
ing of human character, with the forecasting of the future of 
human lives. It is no longer believed in the United States 
that a woman is sufficiently informed and equipped if she is 
able to do the physical duties connected with the household. 
We now understand that she has the most delicate task of all 
other occupations. She has the most important task for the 
future of the Republic, because this Republic rests for its 
safety upon the character of its citizenship. The child is the 
father of the man, and it is the women of America who give 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 67 

direction to the trend of mature life ; it is the women who 
first implant the character of aspirations which afterwards 
manifest themselves in the active manhood of the United 
States. So I say, Mr. Speaker, that the State of Illinois is 
going forward in taking this new step, when she presumes 
that the women of the United States, with the important 
duties. which they have to perform to society as well as to 
their families, have a right to a part in this Hall, commemo- 
rated to the forms of those who have done great work in the 
world. [Applause.] 



68 Acceptance of Statue of 



Address of Mr. Littlefield, of Maine 

Mr. Speaker: By an act of Congress approved July 2, 1864, 
the President was authorized "to invite each and all the States 
to provide and furnish statues in marble or bronze, not exceed- 
ing two in number for each State, of deceased persons who 
have been citizens thereof and illustrious for their historic 
renown or for distinguished civic or military services." The 
"old Hall of the House of Representatives" was set apart "as 
a National Statuary Hall" for the purpose indicated. Thus 
was established the Valhalla of the Republic. Nineteen States 
only have thus far placed their candidates for statuary fame 
therein. Five of these — Illinois, Indiana, Kansas. Maine, and 
Wisconsin — have but one representative each. The reason for 
the selection of some of these candidates does not appear to be 
conspicuously obvious. 

The services and historic renown of such men as Roger 
Sherman, Jonathan Trumbull, O. P. Morton, John J. Ingalls, 
Samuel Adams, Charles Carroll, William King, Lewis Cass, 
Thomas H. Benton, Daniel Webster, James A. Garfield, 
Nathanael Greene, Roger Williams, Samuel Houston, and 
James Collamore are so well known as to fully justify them 
in filling a niche in this Hall of Fame. 

Some of them contributed in a large degree to the building 
of the Republic. It is a singular and interesting fact .that 
while the list of our Presidents contains many of the most 
distinguished men of our history, only one (James A. Garfield, 
one of the most intellectual of them all) has found a place 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 69 

here. While "military services" is an eligible feature, 
besides that chivalric old warrior of San Jacinto, Samuel 
Houston, none of them can be said to have achieved any 
distinction in the trade of war except the gallant soldier 
Gen. James Shields, who until to-day has been the sole 
representative from the State of Illinois. He has the unique 
distinction of having represented three States in the Senate 
of the United States. Except as they are so made by this 
selection, not many of them are or will be "illustrious for 
their historic renown." It is possible that in many instances 
the most appropriate selections ma}' not have been made, and 
that but for these statues some of them would never haw- 
emerged from kindly oblivion. 

That Illinois has been for some time represented only in 
part is from no lack of worthy material. She has long had 
eminent men worthy of this great honor. Some of the most 
distinguished men of our history, so great and distinguished 
that they stand out like mountain peaks almost alone in the 
sky line of historic perspective, belong to Illinois. 

No soldier deserves more or will live longer in the hearts 
of his countrymen for great services rendered, from Washing- 
ton until now, than the unassuming but indomitable ('.rant. 
His fame is Illinois' s. 

The student of our political history will never read of a more 
brilliant figure than the little giant of the West, the -real war 
Democrat, the prince of debaters, the patriot, Stephen A. Doug- 
las. [Applause.] In Illinois he lived and died. 

The greatest figure in American history — yes, one of the 
greatest figures in the history of the world— the immortal, 
celestial, martyred Lincoln, belongs alike to Illinois. She has 
many other illustrious sons. With all this wealth of material 
Illinois to-day places in this great Pantheon the statue of a 



jo Acceptance of Statue of 

beautiful Christian woman, who has a deserved and world-wide 
renown for ' ' distinguished civic ' ' services. 

By her own efforts she had ' ' achieved greatness. ' ' Without 
this legislative recognition her name and fame were secure. It 
was written on the fleshly tablets of millions of human hearts 
beyond all power of effacement. The beautiful marble, the 
enduring bronze, or the eternal granite were not necessary to 
perpetuate it. It was as firmly fixed "as though graven with 
an iron pen and lead in the rock forever. ' ' 

This is the first time that our Valhalla has been graced, 
adorned, and honored by the statue of a woman. Frances 
Elizabeth Willard can fittingly and appropriately represent 
her sex in this distinguished and honorable company. Illinois 
honors herself by giving to womankind this noble recognition. 
It is a most gratifying reflection that if the mighty and sainted 
shade of the departed Lincoln could have been consulted it 
would have no doubt concurred with hearty enthusiasm in this 
selection. She was the especial representative of a great cause 
in whose principles he religiously believed and whose tenets he 
faithfully practiced. Abraham Lincoln was a total abstainer. 
The sincerity of his habits and practice in this regard were 
subjected to the highest test when the committee to notify him 
of his nomination as a candidate of the Republican party for 
the Presidency visited him at his modest home in Springfield. 

After having received the momentous message, in the pres- 
ence of that distinguished and notable gathering he said: 

Gentlemen, we must pledge our mutual health in the most healthy bev- 
erage which God has given to man. It is the only beverage I have ever 
used or allowed in my family, and I can not conscientiously depart from 
it now on this occasion. It is pure Adam's ale. 

In a private and confidential letter written June n, i860, in 
referring to this incident, he wrote: 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 71 

Having kept house sixteen years and having never held the "cup" to 
the lips of my friends then, my judgment was that I should not, in my 
new position, change my habits in this respect. 

How the moral courage and absolute sincerity of the man is 
exemplified by this incident! While he did not make his 
views offensively conspicuous, he did not hesitate when 
occasion called to avow them. 

Hon. Lawrence Weldon, of Washington, D. C, a distin- 
guished and able judge of the Court of Claims, traveled from 
his home to Bloomington, 111., on September 12, [854, for the 
purpose of hearing Judge Douglas discuss the political issues 
of the day. At that time he had never met Mr. Lincoln, who 
was in town attending court. Mr. Weldon was present in 
Douglas's room at the hotel when Douglas declined an invita- 
tion to divide the time with Mr. Lincoln. 

On a sideboard were liquors of various kinds. Lincoln came 
in and Douglas introduced him to Mr. Weldon. Social drink- 
ing was then a well-nigh universal custom, and in a few 
minutes Douglas said: "Mr. Lincoln, won't you have some- 
thing to drink?" To this Mr. Lincoln replied: "No, Judge, 
I think not." "What," said Douglas, "do you belong to 
the temperance society?" "No," rejoined Mr. Lincoln, "I 
don't belong to any temperance society, but I am temperate in 
this, to wit: I don't drink anything." This incident I have 
from the Judge's lips. 

Nor did he hesitate to preach in accordance with his practice. 

On Washington's Birthday, February 22, t842, in his own 
home city, he delivered one of the most remarkable temper- 
ance addresses extant. Referring to the drink habit, he said: 

Let us make it as unfashionable to withhold our names from the tem- 
perance pledge as for husbands to wear their wives' bonnets to church, 
and instances will be just as rare in the one case as in the other. 



J 2 Acceptance of Statue of 

Speaking of the dignity and vital importance of the temper- 
ance reform, he said: 

If the relative grandeur of revolutions shall be estimated by the great 
amount of human misery they alleviate and the small amount the}- inflict, 
then indeed will this be the grandest the world shall have ever seen. Of 
our political revolution of "'76" we all are justly proud. It has given 
us a degree of political freedom far exceeding that of any other of the 
nations on the earth. In it the Old World has found a solution of that 
long-mooted problem as to the capability of man to govern himself. 

In it was the germ which has vegetated and still is to grow and expand 
into the universal liberty of mankind. But with all these glorious results, 
past, present, and to come, it had its evils too. It breathed forth famine, 
swam in blood, and rode on fire, and long, long after the orphan's cry 
and widow's wail continued to break the sad silence that ensued. These 
were the price, the inevitable price, paid for the blessings it brought. 

Turn now to the temperance revolution. In it we shall find a stronger 
bondage broken, a viler slavery manumitted, a greater tyrant deposed. 
In it more of want supplied, more disease healed, more sorrow assuaged. 
By it no orphans starving, no widows weeping. By it none wounded in 
feeling, none injured in interest. 

And what a noble ally is this to the cause of political free- 
dom. With such an aid its march can not fail to be on and on 
until every son on earth shall drink in rich fruition the sorrow- 
quenching draft of perfect liberty. Happy day, when all ap- 
petite is controlled, all passions subdued, all manners subjected, 
mind — all-conquering mind — shall live and move, the monarch 
of the world. Glorious consummation! "Hail, fall of Fury! 
Reign of Reason, hail!' : This rings with no uncertain sound. 

The momentous character of this great question never was 
and probably never will be stated more forcibly, vigorously 
effectively, and truthfully. He was a most vigorous and 
effective advocate of that logical corollary of total abstinence 
for the individual, prohibition for the State. He spent weeks 
in Illinois campaigning for the adoption of the Maine law in 
that State. The following excerpts were the keynotes of his 
speeches: 



Miss Frances E. Millard. 73 

This legalized liquor traffic, as carried on in the saloons and grogshops, 
is the great tragedy of civilization. The saloon lias proved itself to be the 
greatest foe, the most blighting curse that has ever found a home in our 
modern civilization, and this is the reason why I am a political Prohibi- 
tionist. Prohibition brings the desired result. It suppresses the sal. ton 
by law. It stamps and brands the saloonkeeper as a criminal in the sight 
of God and man. * * * 

By licensing the saloon we feed with one hand the (ires of appetite we 
are striving to quench with the other. While this state of things con- 
tinues let us know that this war is all our own — both sides of it — until this 
guilty connivance of our own actions shall be withdrawn. T am a Prohi- 
bitionist because prohibition destroys destruction. 

In 1863 he declared that — 

The reasonable man of the world has long since agreed that intem- 
perance is one of the greatest, if not the greatest, of all evils among 
mankind. 

That his wide and varied experience never changed his 
earlier views is clear from the statement made by him to 
Mr. Mervin on the very morning- of his assassination: 

After reconstruction, the next great work before us is the prohibition 
of the liquor traffic in all of the States and Territories. 

Inspired by this high and lofty purpose he entered the 
presence of his Maker. 

Abraham Lincoln was neither a crank, a fanatic, a hair- 
brained enthusiast, nor a hypocrite. None of us need be 
ashamed to follow where he nobly led. [Applause.] His 
footsteps have made it holy ground. If the shades of the 
departed revisit the haunts of men, we may feel assured that 
he would behold with the greatest of satisfaction the recog- 
nition of the cause in which he believed with his whole 
heart by the erection of this memorial to the memory of this 
brilliant and devoted woman. 

This statue in our Valhalla is a fit and merited recognition 
of all that is highest, noblest, and best in womanhood. 



74 Acceptance of Statue of 

In the evolution and development of the race from bar- 
barism to Christian civilization woman has been gradually 
emancipated from the subordinate and servile position to 
which the aboriginal savage, at a period dominated hy physi- 
cal force and unfeeling, ignorant brutality, had arbitrarily 
relegated her. While her emancipation is not yet complete, 
it has been tardily keeping pace with our developing civili- 
zation and is in no small degree the indication of that devel- 
opment. She is now no longer ' ' something better than his 
dog, a little dearer than his horse." 

She is not only the equal, but, in many respects, immeas- 
urably the superior of the lords of creation. Still, in some 
respects before the law, with its many relics and survivals of 
the dark ages, she still wears the badge of inferiority. These 
Miss Willakd struggled manfully to remove. Notwithstand- 
ing the arbitrary disadvantages .under which she has labored, 
women have in all ages given us shining examples of great- 
ness and genius that need not shrink from comparison with 
the sterner sex. 

Sappho, it is conceded, has never been surpassed in sweet- 
ness and grace by any lyric poet, ancient or modern. Plato 
called her the "tenth muse," and Aristotle ranked her with 
Homer. Socrates sat at the feet of Aspasia and learned 
philosophy. She taught Pericles statesmanship, and is said 
to have written some of his most famous orations. The mod- 
est, pure, guileless girl of 17 — Joan of Arc — took the com- 
mand of an arm}' and led it to victory with a success that 
makes the fame and supernatural genius of the great Napo- 
leon pale their "ineffectual fires." It has been well said 
"she is easily and by far the most extraordinary person the 
human race has ever produced." 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 75 

The enlightened enterprise and lofty public spirit of Isa- 
bella of Spain made it possible for Columbus to discover the 
New World, which was destined to become the home of the 
mightiest republic the world ever saw. 

St. Theresa was canonized by the Pope for the great re- 
forms she wrought in Catholic orders, and the value of her 
religious writings. 

Queen Elizabeth, although crafty and cruel, was learned 
and able, and the Elizabethan period is one of the most 
splendid in English history. 

Enlightened beyond her time, the Empress Maria Theresa 
abolished torture and the inquisition, and was one of the 
greatest of the Austrian rulers. 

Catherine of Russia was the patron of learning, and ruled 
with a truly masculine vigor. 

Profound in moral and political philosophy, unequaled in 
dialectic discussion, Madame de Stael had the proud distinc- 
tion of compelling the haughty and intolerant Napoleon to 
banish her twice through fear of her pen that was ' ' mightier 
than the sword." 

Abigail Adams was one of the incomparable mothers of the 
Revolution, whose letters to her son are uplifting and enno- 
bling, and still the highest guide to right living. 

Queen Eouisa of Prussia, the noble and good, was the mother 
of kingly kings. Elizabeth Barrett Browning was easily 
among the first of modern poets. George Eliot was the 
Shakespeare of women, a novelist of the highest order. 
The world-renowned philanthropist, the John Howard of her 
sex, was found in Florence Nightingale. Rachel, the mag- 
nificent, reached the highest altitude of dramatic expression. 
In Jenny L,ind the human voice in song found its most popu- 
lar and attractive expression. In the professor's study in 



76 Acceptance of Statue of 

beautiful Brunswick, within the shade of Bowdoin's classic 
walls, the philippic was written that was the most powerful 
factor in precipitating the fratricidal struggle that was not 
to end until human slavery was no more. 

After Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin and the 
Dred Scott decision no human power could avert the crisis. 
And when the struggle came this stanza — 

In the beauty of the lilies Christ was born across the sea, 
With a glory in His bosom that transfigures you and me; 
As He died to make men holy, let us die to make men free, 
While God is marching on — 

of Julia Ward Howe inspired the courage, sustained the valor, 
renewed the patriotic fervor, and steeled the arm of the battling 
hosts of freemen. 

To such as these we can well bow down and worship. They 
are the splendid creations of a great race. 

In this brilliant galaxy of great women Frances Elizabeth 
Willard has placed her name. Her deeds have written it 
there. Educated, cultured, refined, journalist, author, and 
professor, she abandoned them all that she might devote her 
life to the advancement and promotion of the cause that was 
near and dear to her, the sacred cause that has the soul- 
inspiring watchword, "For God and home and native land." 

Whittier beautifully and appropriately says, in lines addressed 
to her: 

She knew the power of banded ill, 
But felt that love was stronger still, 
And organized, for doing good, 
The world's united womanhood. 

She deliberately relinquished the brilliant position of dean 
of the first woman's college connected with a university in 
America to go out penniless, alone, and unheralded, because 
her spirit had caught the rhythm of the women's footsteps as 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 77 

they bridged the distance between the home and the saloon in 
the pentecostal days of the temperance crusade. She relin- 
quished that which women hold dearest and most sacred, the 
shelter of home. 

It was that other women might, under their own "vine and 
fig tree," enjoy the blessings of a pure and virtuous home that 
she sacrificed and toiled and endured. She found the Woman's 
Christian Temperance Union a national organization. She made 
it international. Its lat>ors were confined to one country; she 
made its activities world wide. Its motto of ' For God and 
home and native land," with divinely inspired evangel hope 
and faith, she transformed to "For God and home and every 
land." 

In 1883 she became the president of this organization, based 
upon "personal purity of life, including total abstinence from 
all narcotic poisons, the protection of the home by outlawing 
the traffic in intoxicating liquors, opium, tobacco, and the 
suppression by law of gambling and Sunday desecration; the 
enfranchisement of the women of all nations; and the establish- 
ment of courts of national and international arbitration which 
shall banish war from the world." 

Before her untimely death she had the infinite satisfaction of 
knowing that it was firmly planted in fifty different countries, 
where, in the common language of the heart, though in many 
different tongues, it "ministered to all good and true women 
who are willing to clasp hands in one common effort to protect 
their homes and loved ones from the ravages of drink," by "an 
organization without a pattern save that seen in heavenly vision 
upon the mount of faith, and without a peer anion- the sister- 
hoods that have grouped themselves around the cr< >ss of Christ 
Millions were brought within the reach of its elevating, human- 
izing, Christianizing influences. These gentle persuasive min- 



78 Acceptance of Statue of 

istrations proceeded in the faith that ' ' the banner and the 
sword were never yet the symbol of man's grandest victories," 
and that the time was at hand ' ' to listen to the voice of that 
inspired philosophy which through all ages has been gently 
saying, ' The race is not to the swift nor the battle to the 
strong.' " 

While she had extraordinary executive and administrative 
ability, she could not have accomplished her great work had 
she not been divinely blessed with qualities and graces of the 
mind, heart, and person that are seldom found combined. 

Attractive, engaging, and beautiful in person, with a musical 
voice of marvelous sweetness and purity, intellectual, logical, 
persuasive, and eloquent, she had a platform presence and man- 
ner that made her easily one of the most eloquent and effective 
of orators. 

If true eloquence is to be measured by the effect produced 
upon the hearers, she had few equals and no superiors. 

No repetition of her language can reproduce the charm that 
clothed it as it fell from her lips. She brought all the wealth 
of culture and learning to her work. That she realized the 
importance of the highest ideals in literature and keenly appre- 
ciated the infinite harm of covering vice with an attractive 
garb and minimizing its wickedness and infamy, was vividly 
portrayed by her address on the presentation of the portrait of 
Mrs. Hayes. She then said : 

What shall be said of the wizard pen of the romancer, with its boundless 
sweep through time and space? Alas, with what borrowed livery of the 
imagination has it not disguised the dangers of the moderate drinker and 
bedecked the brutal pleasures of the debauchee. Heroes have been nun 
mighty to drink wine, and heroines have found their prototype in Hebe, 
cupbearer to the gods. From the sensuous pages of the Greek romancers, 
through mediaeval tale and legend, the reeling pages of Fielding, the 
chivalric pageantry of Seott, the splendid society drama of Thackeray, 
and the matchless character panoramas of Dickens, down to our own 



Miss Frances E. Ill' Hard. 79 

society novels; in all the witching volumes over which the beaming ( 
of youth have lingered the high lights of convivial enjoyment have been 
brought out in most vivid word painting, and its black shadows as stu- 
diously concealed. Now be it remembered that the poet, the artist, and 
the novelist — -might}- interpreters of nature and the soul — will always 
maintain their empire over the human heart so long as it is a willing cap- 
tive to the love of beauty and the beauty of love. So that until we win 
an assured place for the temperance reform in these supreme lv influential 
realms of thought and expression our success can not be considered as 
permanent. Until genius, with her starry eyes, shall be gently persuaded 
to lay her choicest trophies at the feet of temperance there will remain for 
us much territory to be possessed. 

The most striking and unique incident of her work was the 
celebrated Polyglot Petition for Home Protection presented 
"to the governments of the world." It was signed through- 
out the civilized world, and in fifty different languages. The 
signatures mounted upon canvas, four columns abreast, made 
more than a mile of canvas and nearly 5 miles of solid signa- 
tures, 771,200 in all. It represented by societies and associa- 
tions over 7,500,000 persons. It was ten years in circulation. 
In an eloquent and impressive speech, Miss Wii.i.akd pre- 
sented it to President Cleveland February 19, [895. The 
English branch was headed by Lady Henry Somerset, the 
magnificent English woman who is leading in temperance 
reform in England. On the American petition, like Abou 
Ben Adhem, and for the same reason, Neal Dow's name " led 
all the rest." 

More than fifty years ago General Dow, at the request of 
the broken-hearted wife of a drunken husband, called upon a 
saloon keeper and urged him not to sell to the unfortunate 
man. He was ordered out of the saloon with the remark, 
"There's my license on the wall. This man is one of my 
best customers. I'll not offend him." "Do you mean that 
you will go right on selling whisky to him?" said Dow. ' I 
shall sell to him just as long as he can pay for his drinks," 



741602A 



80 Acceptance of St a hie of 

replied the saloon keeper. As General Dow left the saloon 
he said, " The people of the State of Maine will see how long 
you will go on selling." In 1851 came the Maine law. With 
the exception of two years — 1 856-1 858 — it has been steadfastly 
adhered to ever since, though not as continuously and effect- 
ively enforced as it ought to be. It has been estimated from 
actual sales taken from old account books that prior to 1851 
the people of Raymond, then a small town of 1,149 souls, 
with a valuation of about $150,000, consumed more liquor 
in every period of eighteen years than the entire valuation of 
the town. To-day no liquor tax is paid in the town, and 
while its population has decreased to 823, its valuation has 
increased to $213,576. The soil and climate of Maine are 
not such as make the development and accumulation of wealth 
an easy task. The natural facilities that contribute to that 
end are much inferior to those found in the Middle States, 
the South, and the great West. 

Nature has done little for her beyond furnishing the oppor- 
tunity for the development of an energetic, enterprising, vigor- 
ous, hardy, intelligent, and sturdy people. They have sent 
thousands upon thousands of their hard-earned savings during 
the last two decades into the far West, attracted by the expec- 
tation of a profitable return thereon. Very few of these thou- 
sands ever have returned, or ever will return, thus diminishing 
her savings and impairing her wealth. 

There is nothing in her policy or law that differentiates her 
from her sister States except the prohibitory law. The only 
reliable indicator of the thrift and prosperity of a people is its 
savings. In this respect the people of Maine, fostered by legis- 
lation that preserves their earnings, challenges all comparison. 

In 1850 she had no savings banks; in 1900 she had deposited 
$66,132,677 in her savings banks. While she ranks only thir- 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 81 

teenth in population among the States of the Union, there are 
only six that outrank her in the amount of savings deposits, 
and only seven which have a larger number of depositors. 

Illinois, with about seven times the population of Maine, 
has $7,000,000 less savings deposit. Ohio, with nearly six 
times the population of Maine, has $22,000,000 less deposits. 
Pennsylvania, with nine times the population of Maine, has 
only $40,000,000 more deposits. In other words, Maine has 
in her savings banks $95.22 for every inhabitant. Illinois has 
only $13.43; Ohio, $10.71; and Pennsylvania, $16.12. While 
Maine's population has increased since 1850 only 20 per cent, 
her valuation per capita has increased 252 per cent. A single 
concrete, unimpeachable, significant fact like this, bearing liv- 
ing witness to the efficacy of her settled policy, is of more value 
than reams of newspaper columns full of ill-considered and 
unfounded assertions that the law has been a praetical failure. 
[Applause.] It is entirely true, as eloquently and incisively 
declared by Governor Cobb, of Maine, in his recent noble mes- 
sage, that this law "lies very close to the heart and conscience 
of thousands of the men and women" of Maine. 

Miss Willard believed in the wisdom and efficacy of this 
legislation. Sincere and zealous enthusiast as she was, she- 
was essentially and always broad minded, catholic, and tol- 
erant in her views. She knew that intelligent discussion 
and free and open agitation would in the end disclose and 
firmly establish the truth. In her last important public 
utterance she laid down Cobden's rule as her guide: ' Never 
assume that the motives of the man who is opposed t<> you 
in policy or argument are one whit less pure and disinterested 
than your own." Commenting, she said: 

But, alas, it is our custom to consider that wisdom will die with us, and 
that truthfulness first had its being when we wire born. While the 1 

1 7046 — 05 6 



82 Acceptance of Statue of 

are, speaking broadly, that being subject to a certain pressure of educa- 
tion certain great masses of men look upon them in another way, and 
nothing short of that argumentation which politics furnishes will enable 
both groups to reach at last an equilibrium of thought by leavening the 
entire lump with two different kinds of education, so that one view shall 
modify the other. And the greatest of all these is charity. 

The home is the basic unit of our Christian civilization. 
It is the foundation stone upon which our free institutions 
rest. Upon its integrity, purity, and character the character 
and quality of our civilization depend. It is a holy shrine. 
Whatever profanes it pollutes the sacred temple of liberty 
itself. Whoever defends and ennobles it insures to our 
children and our children's children the blessings of freedom 
and the enduring of a " government of the people, for the 
people, and by the people." A civilization based upon a 
lecherous and debauched home is rotten at the core. 

Statesmen, warriors, and patriots may strive and build and 
achieve, but all their striving, building, and achieving is in 
vain, even "as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal," if it 
disregards the eternal moral verities and does n#t conserve 
the true happiness and the highest welfare of mankind. This 
divinely gifted woman bent every energy, shaped every pur- 
pose, and devoted every aspiration of a godly life to the 
consummation of this happiness and welfare. It is meet that 
her work should be thus recognized. 

This statue stands, and always will stand, as the highest 
and truest embodiment of all that is noblest, best, and divinest 
in the womanhood of America and the enduring memorial of 
' ' whatever things are of good report ' ' in our Christian civili- 
zation. [Great applause.] 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 83 



Address of Mr. Rainey, of Illinois 

Mr. Speaker: Forty-one years ago, when the two great 
sections of onr country still contended in awful battle, Congress 
passed an act making out of the old Hall of the House of Rep- 
resentatives a national gallery, to which each State was invited 
to contribute the statues of two of her most famous citizens. 
Since then the States have been responding until now nineteen 
of them are represented here. 

In this Hall of Fame statues of warriors and of statesmen 
stand side by side. 

Men acquire fame upon the battlefield, amid the pomp and 
glory of war. This opportunity is denied to women. Men 
acquire fame as diplomats and statesmen, but this opportunity 
also is closed to women; and so we have in Statuary Hall 
figures of heroic size presented by the States; nearly all of 
them are the portraits in stone and marble and bronze of men 
who have had access to these great fields of human effort 
and human ambition; for them the door of opportunity stood 
always open. 

Until to-day no State has contributed the statue of a woman. 
No one imagined forty-one years ago, when this act was passed, 
that the heroic figure of a woman would ever stand beneath 
that Dome. But the world is growing in more ways than one; 
and the world is ready now to believe that a courageous 
womanly woman makes as heroic a figure as a brave manly 
man. [Applause.] 



84 Acceptance of Statue of 

When the act was passed which established this Hall of 
Fame men were winning the right to a place here upon the 
field of battle at the head of crushing squadrons of cavalry, 
or directing the movement of long lines of infantry, amid 
the roar of cannon and all the din of war. Their statues — 
some of them — are already here, and there are more to come. 
But the real battle which made this a nation, one and indi- 
visible, was fought and won after the surrender at Appo- 
matox; after the men of the blue army had returned to their 
Northern homes; after the men of the gray army had sadly 
gone back to ruined plantations throughout the pleasant 
Southland. The real victory was won long after the green 
grass was growing and and the flowers were blooming upon 
the graves of the men who fell in this, the greatest civil 
war the world ever saw. It was a victory won in a battle 
waged by men and women of the South, standing shoulder 
to shoulder with men and women of the North — a peaceful 
struggle to quench the fires of sectional hate and antagonism. 

It was at this time that there came out of the North a new 
leader — not a leader of armed men, but a leader of unarmed 
women — a woman of supreme capacity, mental and moral 
and physical. Illinois to-day presents her statue, exquisitely 
carved out of the whitest of Carrara marble, to the nation as 
her contribution to this great Hall of Fame. [Applause.] 

In the years which followed the war one of the forces 
most potent to sweep away the mists and let in the sunlight 
upon North and South alike was the army of women, led by 
Frances E. Willard, marching through the North and 
the South following the white banners upon which she had 
inscribed the motto, "For God and home and native land." 
In the dark days which followed the war she furnished the 
common ground upon which all could stand, whether they 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 85 

lived under bright skies where the magnolia blooms or under 
grayer skies in the colder North. 

She led the fight for the home, for personal purity, for better 
habits of living, for the rights of children, for the uplifting of 
women. Upon these great subjects she delivered addresses in 
almost all the towns and cities of the country containing a 
population of 5,000 and upward. On one of her campaigns she- 
traveled 30,000 miles, .speaking almost every day in crowded 
halls and churches. 

With chains of gold stretching across the gulf which divided 
the sections she bound together the homes of the North and 
the homes of the South until the dividing chasm disappeared 
and a mighty nation moves forward under one banner with 
resistless force to the tremendous destiny prepared for it by 
the omnipotent God. If peace hath its victories, it is pecul- 
iarly appropriate that Miss Wizard's statue should stand 
here under this Dome. In the State which produced a Lincoln, 
a Douglas, and a Logan we consider her one of our greatest 
citizens. [Applause.] 

The past century has been called the woman's century. 
During the latter half of the century a woman sat on the 
throne of England, and under her gentle and wise influence 
literature and the arts flourished, and the commerce of the 
English nation whitened every sea. During the same period 
of time the woman we honor here to-day, with gentle strength 
was fighting for the success of all the higher moral forces. 
She made her opportunities — none of them were inherited. 
She did not come into a throne by divine right; but her purity 
of purpose, her loyalty at all times, her tenderness, her breadth 
of human sympathy, her resistless energy, won for her the 
title of "the uncrowned queen," and in the hearts of five 
million true women of the land she reigned supreme. 



86 Acceptance of Statue of 

Three hundred years ago, on the banks of a beautiful river 
in far-away India, at fabulous cost a king erected a tomb in 
memory of a woman. With towering minarets of whitest 
marble it stands to-day the most splendid building ever erected 
by man. The women of America have erected in memory of 
Frances E. Wileard a monument not made of marble, which 
crumbles with the passing centuries, but made of that enduring 
material which withstands the ravages of time — a monument 
of human love and human admiration and human sympathy. 
[Applause.] 

She was a true child of the prairie. During the fifty years 
of her active career she lived in the State of Illinois, and from 
her modest, quiet cottage in the village of Evanston, where 
only the murmurs of the great lake broke the stillness, she 
issued forth, a modern Joan of Arc, to fight the nation's ene- 
mies — aglow with purpose — wearing the armor of truth and 
womanly purity. She has won a place in the temple of the 
truly great. Frances E. Willard is dead, her soul has gone 
beyond the stars, but her memory lives. 

The State of Illinois — always the home of great men — mind- 
ful of the fact that she is entitled to no more places in this 
Hall, presents now to the nation the statue of this woman, 
cunningly carved, by a woman, out of the finest and the 
whitest of marble. [Eoug-continued applause.] 



Miss Frances E. Willard. 87 



Address of Mr. Brooks, of Colorado 

Mr. Speaker: Colorado owes much to Illinois. From her 
we derived our form of State constitution; from her also we 
took many of our statute laws; from her came many of the 
pioneers who helped to give form and shape to the Stat 
new life; but no debt of Colorado to her mother State exceeds 
in importance that which she owes for the precious gift of 
memory of the life and character of Frances E- Wii.lard. 
Herself one of the nation's empire builders, she appeals with 
peculiar force to the thousands of noble, constructive men and 
women who look to such examples for their guidance and for 
their support. 

Miss Willard was unusually adapted to meet such needs. 
She had in her own life seen and been a part of the growth 
and development of two of our great Commonwealths. She 
had played a most important part in directing and ennobling 
the life of those communities before she entered upon her 
larger and more enduring labors. The men and women of 
Colorado wdio are trying to reproduce in the mountain sur- 
roundings of that State the ideas and ideals for which she 
gave her whole life's devotion find at every step abundant 
material in her history to serve as their own model and to her 
they look for leadership. 

Her life has not been without its definite, tangible, present 
results in that State at least. Much that she labored for has 
there been achieved. Colorado is one of the four States of 
the Union which have accorded to woman full civic rights, 



88 Acceptance of Statue of 

which recognize in fullest measure her equality before the law, 
and place her on a plane in all respects equal to that occupied 
by her brothers. It has been a successful experiment, and 
the people everywhere give it a full measure of approval. In 
every line of civic activities that community has received and 
has appreciated the benefit of woman's counsels, help, and 
active constructive work; and these counsels and that help 
have had a most stimulating effect in every phase of life. 

In none of Colorado's institutions for higher education, save 
the technical school of mining engineering, is an}' line of sex 
distinction drawn. Yearly these institutions are not only more 
and more adding distinction and bringing honor to our State, 
but they are approaching more and more the ideals of the woman 
who was not only a great reformer, philanthropist, and religious 
worker, but a great, positive force in the educational world. 

Of the seven Members of this House who have been sent 
here in part by women's votes, three are from the Centennial 
State. It is therefore proper that I should, on behalf of that 
State and its noble women, add my voice to the volume of 
tribute to the life of her whose statue now holds this highly 
honored position. 

In her life she graced and adorned every circle. She added 
strength and force to every council. She promoted and ad- 
vanced every good cause to a degree that we do not yet full}' 
appreciate. Others have recounted in glowing terms the fea- 
tures of her life, and have told what she did for civilization and 
humanity. I do not care to attempt to add anything to what 
has been said along these lines. Miss Willard stands now as 
a type of the loftiest endeavor of the later years of the nineteenth 
century. Such a life and such a work knows no sex. It is for 
mankind. 



Miss Fiances E. Willard. 89 

To-day the nation joins in welcoming this newest addition to 
our Hall of Fame. It recognizes and pays glad tribute to her 
intellectual ability-, her self-sacrificing work for her race, and 
the grandeur of her moral worth. It takes her into full fellow 
ship with her heroes of war and peace, her great lawmakers and 
administrators, as one of those who have done great things for 
their native land. 

The State whose advent into the sisterhood of States marked 
the opening of the second century of the nation's life can not 
and will not be unheard among those who at this time are giv- 
ing utterance to the universal regard for her who is the cause 
and occasion of these exercises. Not only here, but in the lives 
and homes of her people .she will perpetuate and cherish her 
memory and strive to emulate and follow her example. 

Illinois, the home of her mature life and the scene of her 
greatest work, has given her an undying fame in the beautiful 
marble which now graces our halls. The nation has accepted 
the gift of that marble to cherish and protect. It is for Colo- 
rado, with the other States, to secure for her a monument more 
lasting than bronze, which is to be erected in the loving hearts 
of the thousands whose lives she has ennobled and uplifted. 

The Speaker pro tempore (Mr. Maun). The question is 
on agreeing to the resolution. 

The question was taken, and the resolution was unanimously 
agreed to. 

'Mr. Foss. Mr. Speaker, I move that the House do now 
adjourn. 

The motion was agreed to; and accordingly ( at 5 o'clock and 
48 minutes p. m.) the House adjourned to meet to-morrow at 
12 o'clock noon. 

O 



741602A 



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